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HomePolicy Articles Article Summary

A Friendly Agreement in Advance: Canada-US Defense Relations Past, Present, and Future

Research Report by J.L. Granatstein

The author of this article, J.L. Granatstein, argues that Canada has no choice but to support the United States in an expanded anti-terrorism war, as well as in a National Missile Defense (NMD) scheme proposed by the Bush Administration. Granatstein explains that the two countries have been linked in defense for over 60 years, and that, as such, Canada’s refusal to participate in joint defence programs would inevitably carry real costs. Considering that the US will defend itself regardless of Canada’s position, Granatstein asserts that Canada must participate in defence programs – if only to protect its sovereignty. Granatstein suggests that by participating, Canada can maintain its seat at the defence table, which should, in turn, strengthen Canada’s bargaining position on trade issues. In the author’s view, Canada’s participation in the NMD scheme, coupled with improvements to its military, will not come cheap. Granatstein estimates the additional costs at approximately $2.5 billion dollars per year over a five-year period.

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Policy Publication Details

Author(s): J.L. Granatstein;
Publisher: C.D. Howe Institute [ Visit Website ]
Year Published: 2002; Publisher Type: Research Institute
Publicly Available: Yes Research Focus: International; National;
Registration Required: No Language: English
Payment Required: No Publication Format: Adobe PDF

Subjects / Categories:

Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Spending
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / National Security
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Intelligence
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Ballistic Missile Defence
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Terrorism
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Border Security
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics / Canada - U.S. Relations
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics
Policy Articles / Military & Defence
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / North American Aerospace Defense (NORAD)
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics / Canada - U.S. Relations / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Ballistic Missile Defence / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Border Security / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Intelligence / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / National Security / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / North American Aerospace Defense (NORAD) / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Spending / 2002
Policy Articles / Military & Defence / Terrorism / 2002


Keywords / Tags:

Missile; Defense; sovereignty; trade; expansion; NORAD; air defense; spending; military; NATO; UN;