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HomePolicy Articles Article Summary

Deeper, Broader: A Roadmap for a Treaty of North America

Book by Daniel Schwanen

This paper is part of a book-length publication, edited by Courchene, Savoie and Schwanen, which contains papers that were presented at the “Art of the State” Conference, hosted by the IRPP and held in October 2003. This conference featured experts from Canada, Mexico and the United States who came together to explore new ideas, new instruments and new processes for enriching the North American experience. The main goal of the conference was to remedy gaps in public discourse, while at the same time understanding how three sovereign nations could advance common causes and manage their increasing interdependence.

This collection was inspired by the 15th Anniversary of the Canada-U.S Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the 10th Anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), both in 2004. The editors also remark that the events of 9/11 have added the new dimension of homeland security as a complicating issue to the already-full free trade agenda.

In this paper, Schwanen argues that since the implementation of the FTA and NAFTA, the relationship among the three countries has evolved into one of greater interdependence than ever. Despite solid evidence of gains from the FTA and NAFTA, however, Schwanen points out that trade liberalization is still regularly blamed as a culprit for mixed overall economic outcomes in the three countries. He also notes that members of government, business, non-governmental organizations, and analysts in all three countries have expressed dissatisfaction with the current treaties.

This paper examines different proposals that have been put forward regarding a new treaty. Schwanen concludes with his own proposal for a new treaty concerning North American relations.

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Policy Publication Details

Author(s): Daniel Schwanen;
Publisher: Institute for Research on Public Policy [ Visit Website ]
Year Published: 2005; Publisher Type: Research Institute
Publicly Available: Yes Research Focus: International;
Registration Required: No Language: English
Payment Required: No Publication Format: Adobe PDF

Subjects / Categories:

Policy Articles / International Law & Politics / Treaties
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics / Canada - U.S. Relations
Policy Articles / International Trade, Development & Finance / North American Free Trade Agreement
Policy Articles / International Trade, Development & Finance / Canada - U.S. Relations
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics / Canada - U.S. Relations / 2005
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics / Treaties / 2005
Policy Articles / International Trade, Development & Finance / Canada - U.S. Relations / 2005
Policy Articles / International Trade, Development & Finance / North American Free Trade Agreement / 2005
Policy Articles / International Law & Politics
Policy Articles / International Trade, Development & Finance


Keywords / Tags:

Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement; NAFTA; trade liberalization; North American treaties; North American relations;