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Home Policy Articles: Aboriginal: Economic Development


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Aboriginal People in Canada's Labour Market: Work and Unemployment, Today and Tomorrow popular

Michael Mendelson examines the Aboriginal unemployment rate in Canada, seeking to determine whether or not there has been any improvement in labour market availability from 1996 to 2001.

Aboriginal People in Canada's Labour Market: Work and Unemployment, Today and Tomorrow popular

Although Canada has been successful in lowering its national unemployment rate, Michael Mendelson states that for the nation’s Aboriginal peoples unemployment is consistently higher than that of the population in general.

Aboriginal Peoples and Postsecondary Education in Canada popular

This diagnostic report uses empirical data to provide an accurate picture of how Aboriginal Canadians are faring in post-secondary education (PSE).

Achieving Potential: Towards Improved Labour Market Outcomes for Aboriginal People popular

In this report, Ben Brunnen addresses the Aboriginal human capital opportunities that exist in the West. From interviews, public opinion surveys, and census data, he makes a number of key findings regarding improving labour market outcomes for Aboriginal people, including: the need to reinforce the value of education; ensuring success in obtaining and retaining employment; and, the need to recognize, reward and celebrate successes.

Creating Wealth In Aboriginal Communities popular

Stelios Loizides and Wanda Wuttunee explain that Aboriginal unemployment rates are rising and show no signs of slowing. This Report explores the goal, expressed by Aboriginal leaders, to improve the economic prospects for community residents through business enterprise; this paper also looks at programs that strive to meet this objective. The study looks at ten Aboriginal Communities that implemented dedicated programs to establish community-owned businesses as foundations for economic and social development, as well as increased autonomy and self-reliance.

Economic Development in First Nations: An Overview of Current Issues popular

Gordon Shanks raises a serious public policy question: To what extent are First Nations communities and individuals who are actively participating in the Canadian economy living to the best of their potential? He refers to a recent work comparing a Human Development Index (HDI) for Canadians as a whole vis-à-vis the Registered Indian population. Shanks points out that there is a significant gap between these two populations and that Registered Indians continue to have shorter life expectancy, lower educational attainment, and lower average annual incomes.

Harvard Project Lessons on Self-Government: Improving Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada popular

In this brief backgrounder, Dennis Owens explores the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development; for 15 years, this project has been conducting on-the-ground research into the relationship between governance on Indian reservations and its effects on prosperity.

Income On- and Off-Reserve: How Aboriginals are Faring popular

Helmar Drost and John Richards argue that although Aboriginal concerns are receiving more attention in public policy debates, most public attention is devoted to on-reserve communities. They argue this is inadequate, because growing numbers of Canada’s Aboriginal population live off-reserve and in cities today. Drost and Richards note that the social, educational and employment problems facing both on- and off-reserve groups are daunting, and that both deserve the equal attention of policymakers.

Lessons from Abroad: Towards a New Social Model for Canada's Aboriginal Peoples popular

The objective of this paper is to point to some of the common challenges around Aboriginal social policy in different countries. The authors hope to learn from experiences elsewhere, to enhance knowledge in Canada as it relates to Aboriginal Peoples.

Not Strangers in These Parts: Urban Aboriginal Peoples popular

This book, edited by David Newhouse and Evelyn Peters, is a compellation of articles focusing on aboriginal life in urban Canada. There are 16 articles as well as facts on Aboriginals in urban areas and an introduction written by Peters.

Quality of Life of Aboriginal People in Canada: An Analysis of Current Research popular

Daniel Salée explores the current state of knowledge regarding the broad issues affecting Aboriginal people in Canada.

Saskatchewan with an Aboriginal Majority: Education and Entrepreneurship popular

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the economic transformation of the Eastern European immigrants and their descendants and to ask whether it will happen again for Aboriginal people in Saskatchewan.

The Aboriginal Workforce: What Lies Ahead popular

In this article François Lamontagne discusses some of the myths and realities that surround the Aboriginal work force in Canada.

Aboriginal Employment in the Banking Sector in Manitoba

This report focuses on the effects of information technology on Aboriginal employment in the banking sector.

Accountability for Subordinate Legislation: The Case of the Aboriginal Communal Fishing Licenses Regulations

W.T. Stanbury’s report focuses on the ability of the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations in Canada’s Parliament to hold Ministers accountable, legally, or subordinate legislation sponsored by that Minister’s department. According to Stanbury, the essence of any accountability regime is to assess the performance of persons to whom authority has been delegated. He suggests the concept and practice of accountability is central to the idea of democracy.

Community Development in the Upper Skeena: Death Feasts and Transformative Change

To encourage innovative, technology-based learning, Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) created the Office of Learning Technologies (OLT) in 1996. In this community story Doug Donaldson and Anne Docherty describe how they secured OLT funds for a three-year action research project.

Doing Business with the Devil: Land, Sovereignty, and Corporate Partnerships in Membertou Inc.

Membertou First Nation is a part of the city of Sydney, Nova Scotia, and one of the few urban Aboriginal reserves in Atlantic Canada. Jacquelyn Thayer Scott argues that Membertou defies stereotypes about poor, mismanaged reserves: she points to its updated infrastructure, high-quality education, corporate and community partnerships, community involvement, and strong social services as evidence.

E-nakaskakowaahk (A Step Back): Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation and the Wuskwatim Project

Peter Kulchyski’s paper analyzes The Summary of Understandings (SOU) between Nisichwayasihk Cree Nation (NCN) and Manitoba Hydro with Respect to the Wuskwatim Project, an agreement in principle from October 2003 that outlines the terms of NCN’s equity partnership in the hydro-electric development to take place in northern Manitoba.

First Nations and Métis People and Diversity in Canadian Cities

This article by Evelyn Peters analyzes ways to recognize and accommodate First Nations and Métis diversity in cities.

Sharing in the Benefits of Resource Developments: A Study of First Nations-Industry Impact Benefits Agreement

In this paper Gordon Shanks analyzes the role of Impact and Benefits Agreements (IBAs) in the resource development process.

The Indigenous Land Claims in New Zealand and Canada: From Grievance to Enterprise

The issue of Indigenous land rights and development is important not only to Canada and New Zealand but also to the rest of the world where these people represent about 80% of the cultural diversity on earth.

The Town that Lost its Name: The Impact of Hydroelectric Development on Grand Rapids, Manitoba

Grand Rapids, Manitoba consists of two distinct groups: the Cree community and the actual town. Built in the 1960s and 70s, the hydroelectric dam in Grand Rapids was developed without guidance from the local Aboriginal population.

True Partners: Charting a New Deal for BC, First Nations and the Forests We Share

Ben Parfitt analyzes the British Columbia government’s efforts to share provincial revenues and forest resources with First Nations. In his report, Parfitt concludes that although efforts have been made in the wake of various court decisions, the current formula employed by the province is fundamentally flawed.

Urgent Need, Serious Opportunity: Towards a New Social Model for Canada's Aboriginal Peoples

In this paper, Frances Abele addresses the subject of social welfare for Aboriginal peoples in Canada.

Working Towards Parity: Recommendations of the Aboriginal Human Capital Strategies Initiative

Aboriginal Canadians constitute an ever-increasing portion of the Canadian labour force. Ben Brunnen suggests that since Western Canada will experience a labour market shortage in coming years, it is important that Aboriginal Canadians possess the education, training, and skills necessary to compete successfully in the job market.