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Home Policy Articles: Aboriginal: Treaty Rights


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A New Agenda for Strengthening Canada’s Aboriginal Population: Individual Treaty Benefits, Reduced Transfers to Bands and Own-Source Taxation

John Richards suggests he has two purposes in writing this paper: 1) to make the case for diverting a significant share of Treaty benefits from Band Councils to individual Aboriginal Canadians; and 2) to make the case for introducing on-reserve taxation by Band Councils. While he points out that many Aboriginal Canadians want to live a more traditional life on a well-run reserve, he also notes that others prefer to live off-reserve. In order to give Aboriginal Canadians greater flexibility in their choice of where to live, Richards argues the federal government needs to initiate sound economic policies.

Accountability for Subordinate Legislation: The Case of the Aboriginal Communal Fishing Licenses Regulations

W.T. Stanbury’s report focuses on the ability of the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations in Canada’s Parliament to hold Ministers accountable, legally, or subordinate legislation sponsored by that Minister’s department. According to Stanbury, the essence of any accountability regime is to assess the performance of persons to whom authority has been delegated. He suggests the concept and practice of accountability is central to the idea of democracy.

E-nakaskakowaahk (A Step Back): Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation and the Wuskwatim Project

Peter Kulchyski’s paper analyzes The Summary of Understandings (SOU) between Nisichwayasihk Cree Nation (NCN) and Manitoba Hydro with Respect to the Wuskwatim Project, an agreement in principle from October 2003 that outlines the terms of NCN’s equity partnership in the hydro-electric development to take place in northern Manitoba.

Self-Determination, Citizenship and Federalism: Indigenous and Canadian Palimpsest

Dr. Joyce Green discusses the unfortunate relationship between Canada's aboriginal population and Canada. She considers how reconciliation may be possible and looks at how conceptions of self-determination, citizenship and identity may inform this reconciliation.

The Indigenous Land Claims in New Zealand and Canada: From Grievance to Enterprise

The issue of Indigenous land rights and development is important not only to Canada and New Zealand but also to the rest of the world where these people represent about 80% of the cultural diversity on earth.

Urgent Need, Serious Opportunity: Towards a New Social Model for Canada's Aboriginal Peoples

In this paper, Frances Abele addresses the subject of social welfare for Aboriginal peoples in Canada.