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Home Policy Articles: Children & Family: Page 3

As the concept of the family has changed over the years, and continues to evolve at the dawn of the 21st century, government policy and practice have adapted accordingly. Policies pertaining to children and families typically focus on how governments plan to ensure adequate standards of living and social justice for families of all kinds. To this end, fundamental debates are most often rooted in issues such as welfare reform, the delivery of social services, and childcare, while the status of women as well as domestic violence are also critical issues.

This section offers insights into the many and varied issues concerning children and families in Canada.


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The Choice in Child Care Allowance: What You See Is Not What You Get

In this short paper, Ken Battle analyzes the Conservative Party’s plan for a Choice in Child Care Allowance.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/564ENG%2Epdf

The Future of Marriage in Canada: Is it Time to Consider "Civil Unions?"

Iain Benson argues against the development of a "civil union" category of marriage in Canada because he sees this as an excessively large separation between marriage and religion.
http://www.culturalrenewal.ca/downloads/sb_culturalrenewal/m...

The Future of Marriage in Canada: Is It Time to Consider “Civil Unions”?

Iain T. Benson suggests that while the status of same-sex marriage is almost resolved in Canada, what has not been discussed is whether the government can use “marriage” as a category to determine benefits.
http://culturalrenewal.ca/downloads/sb_culturalrenewal/m_opt...

The Great Social Transformation: Implications for the Social Role of Government in Ontario

This paper was commissioned in the Spring of 2002 by the Panel on the Role of Government, chaired by Ron Daniels of the University of Toronto Law School. It provides a broad survey of the way in which the patterns of family, work, and community life, for the people of Ontario, have been transformed in recent decades. Author Judith Maxwell argues that social policy principles developed in the 1960s and 1970s no longer provide adequately for the needs of Ontario citizens. She argues, however, that new ideas have begun to emerge.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/23649_en.pdf

The Incredible Shrinking $1,200 Child Care Allowance: How to Fix It

The debate on the Child Care Allowance revealed a clash of philosophies, that of cash-to-parents versus cash-to-provinces. Ideological debate aside, Ken Battle posits the $1,200 Child Care Allowance has significant design flaws that will negatively impact families of different types and incomes.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/588ENG%2Epdf

The Key to Tackling Child Poverty: Income Supports to Meet Their Needs and Assets to Support Their Future

In 1989, the House of Commons unanimously agreed to eliminate child poverty in Canada by the year 2000. However, as Jennifer Robson-Haddow points out, approximately 15.6 percent of Canadian children live in poverty (2001 census) and the gap between rich and poor Canadians is widening.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/456ENG%2Epdf

The Living Wage Learning Initiative

As Anne Makhoul explains, Vibrant Communities established a pan-Canadian Living Wage Learning Initiative, which consisted of a series of tele-learning seminars in 2004-05. This Initiative examined lessons from the US movement and how they could be applied in Canada.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/535ENG%2Epdf

The Nova Scotia Child Poverty Report Card: 1989-2004

This report assesses the trends in child poverty in Nova Scotia over the course of a five-year period (1989-2004), and examines the impact of the National Child Benefit Program that was established in 1998.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Nova_Scotia_Pubs/...

The Nova Social Child Poverty Report Card 2005: 1989 - 2003

In this brief study Pauline Raven and Lesley Frank review the state of child poverty in Nova Scotia between 1989 and 2003. The authors contend these studies are necessary, and should be provided by either the provincial or federal government.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Nova_Scotia_Pubs/...

The Opportunity and Challenge of Diversity: A Role for Social Capital?

This group of papers was used to guide discussions at an international conference on the use of social capital as a policy tool. The papers in this document include: "Social Capital: Building a Foundation for Research and Policy Development" by Robert Judge, "Social Capital and Economic Outcomes for Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities" by Peter Li, " The Role of Cities in Immigrant Integration" by Brian Ray, "Social Capital and the Political Integration of Immigrants" by Jean Tillie, and "Immigration and Social Capital: Issue Paper" by John Helliwell.
http://policyresearch.gc.ca/page.asp?pagenm=OECD_Background

The Well-being of Children: Are There “Neighbourhood Effects”?

In this report, Beauvais and Jenson explore the idea that the area in which children live has an impact on their developmental outcomes. They point out that current research suggests that a child’s individual circumstances are not solely accountable for his/her developmental achievement and life successes; neighbourhoods, in terms of their composition and condition, also have an impact. Beauvais and Jenson seek to provide more concise information about the relationship between neighbourhoods and child outcomes.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/18049_en.pdf

Towards open skies for airlines in Canada

According to Pierre J. Jeanniot, the Canadian government is considering greater liberalization in the country’s airline industry in line with the current international trend toward open markets in aviation.
http://www.iedm.org/uploaded/pdf/mai05_en.pdf

Where to Work in Canada? An Examination of Regional Differences in Work Life Practices

This publication is a full-length research report from the CPRN. In this paper, the authors address the issue of work-life balance. Using data from a 2001 work-life survey, the authors create a “report card” on work-life and employment practices for each of the five regions of Canada: BC, the Prairies, Ontario, Quebec, and the Maritimes. An important objective of this paper is to help employees determine where they want to live and work in Canada.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/36382_en.pdf

Women on Boards: Not Just the Right Thing ... But the 'Bright' Thing

This article by Vanessa Anastasopoulos, David A.H. Brown and Debra L. Brown looks at the number of women on corporate boards and find that, since 1998, it has levelled off. Contrary to most other studies, the authors do not attempt to answer the question of “how” to get more women on boards, but “why” the appointments ‘stagnation’ occurred. They suggests there are both symbolic and practical reasons to have women on boards. Symbolic reasons include the representation of diversity, which mirrors an increasingly diversified shareholder base; practically speaking, the authors find that having more women on a board tends to reflect improved corporate performance.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=374...

Working for Working Parents: The Evolution of Maternity and Parental Benefits in Canada

Shelley Phipps examines maternity and parental benefit programs that have developed over the past decade and “what changes might still be necessary.”
http://www.irpp.org/choices/archive/vol12no2.pdf

Youth Realizing Their Unlimited Potential – Destination: UP

Although they typically have little input in their choice of care, Anne Makhoul explains how youth in care fare better when they have a choice.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/604ENG%2Epdf

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