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Home Policy Articles: Cities & Communities: Immigration & Emigration

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Another Fine Balance: Managing Diversity in Canadian Cities

Katherine Graham and Susan Phillips analyze how Canadian urban governments are responding to both the changing patterns and the evolving understandings of diversity.
http://www.irpp.org/books/archive/AOTS3/graham.pdf

Building Our Cities: The Importance of Immigration

In this brief report Sandra Lopes discusses the ways in which the federal government could work to include immigration in its cities agenda. Lopes explains that the report is based on research the Public Policy Forum collected over a two-year period while working on immigration-related issues. Lopes believes that by addressing immigration issues at a local level, Canada can increase its prosperity by effectively utilizing human and social capital.
http://www.ppforum.com/common/assets/publications/en/cities_...

Controlling Irregular Migration in Canada: Reconciling Security Concerns with Human Rights Protection

This article by François Crépeau and Delphine Nakache examines recent developments in Canada (following the events of September 11, 2001) regarding migration control.
http://www.irpp.org/choices/archive/vol12no1.pdf

Immigrants and Civic Integration in Western Europe

Christian Joppke explores immigration integration policies in the western world following a period of introspection in the aftermath of “home grown” terror attacks of the past few years.
http://www.irpp.org/books/archive/AOTS3/joppke.pdf

Immigration, Diversity and Social Inclusion in Canada’s Cities

According to Papillon, Canada faces a positive challenge: to create the best possible conditions to capitalize on ethnic and cultural diversity in the new economy. He argues that diverse cities, where a plethora of languages, cultures, world-views, and life experiences meet, are highly conducive to creativity and innovation. Papillon argues, however, diversity must be sustainable to be an asset.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/17243_en.pdf

Immigration, Manitoba's Lifeline: More Citizens Needed to Defuse Demographic Timebomb

In Immigration, Manitoba’s Lifeline, Daniel Klymchuk of the Frontier Centre argues that Manitoba needs an aggressive program of provincial immigration recruitment. Due to its declining birth rates and the relatively small portion of Canadian immigrants that choose to locate in the Province, Manitoba is suffering, Klymchuk claims, from a “demographic time bomb.” He proposes a host of policy reforms – tripling provincial per capita spending on language training and cultural transition, addressing barriers to employment, and lowering taxes – to foster immigration and buoy the Manitoban economy. With these reforms, Klymchuk believes, Manitoba can attract enough immigration to achieve three percent annual population growth.
http://www.fcpp.org/pdf/manitobaslifeline.pdf

Inner-City Voices, Community-Based Solutions: State of the Inner City Report: 2006

This report outlines the condition of inner-city life Winnipeg in 2006, focusing largely on the West Broadway and North Point Douglas neighbourhoods.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

LASI World Skills: Making Good on Employment Promises

New immigrants to Canada often face challenges to find employment in their professions due to accreditation barriers. Anne Makhoul explains how the Ottawa-based organization Local Agencies Serving Immigrants (LASI) partnered with Queen’s University and the Ottawa-Carleton District School Board to help internationally-trained teachers become accredited to teach in the province.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/503ENG%2Epdf

Municipal Finance and the Pattern of Urban Growth

Enid Slack argues that the problem of urban sprawl can best be controlled by “removing distortions in the property tax system,” as well as by employing user fees and development charges to support, rather than work against, planning objectives. She cites studies showing that higher-density, downtown neighbourhoods have much lower development costs, and actually contribute to reducing the overall costs for services. Accordingly, Slack posits that urban sprawl must be controlled as it is costly to society.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_160.pdf

Nation Building Through Cities: A New Deal for Immigrant Settlement in Canada

In this article Elizabeth McIsaac critiques the federal Minister of Citizenship and Immigration's proposed ‘dispersion’ policy. She argues that implementing such a policy would unfairly tie an immigrant to one location for five years upon arrival.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/553820436%2Epdf

Safety and Security Issues in Winnipeg’s Inner-City Communities: Bridging the Community-Police Divide

Comack and Silver interview 45 residents and business people, in addition to 17 community workers, in three inner-city Winnipeg neighbourhoods to assess the state of safety and security. From this, they suggest that globalization, migration of Aboriginal peoples to the cities, and the growing number of immigrants have resulted in a “concentration of racialized poverty” in Winnipeg’s inner city.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Ties that Bind? Social Cohesion and Diversity in Canada

This article by Stuart N. Soroka, Richard Johnston, and Keith Banting asks whether Canadians must worry about social cohesion, particularly in light of immigration and the difficulties faced by new immigrants.
http://www.irpp.org/books/archive/AOTS3/soroka.pdf