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Home Policy Articles: Cities & Communities: Social Services

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Canada's New Social Risks: Directions for a New Social Architecture popular

Jane Jenson provides a synthesis report for the year-long analysis undertaken by Canadian and international experts for a research program organized by the CPRN.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/31815_en.pdf

Action for Neighbourhood Change Begins

In this brief article Anne Makhoul describes Action for Neighbourhood Change (ANC), a 14-month “strategic research and learning project that will assess how locally-driven revitalization strategies can help citizens build strong, sustainable neighbourhoods.”
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/534ENG%2Epdf

ANC in BC Selects Bridgeview

The federal government identified the community of Surrey (British Columbia) to participate in Action for Neighbourhood Change (ANC), a pan-Canadian project based in five cities. ANC’s mandate is to help community members help each other to make their neighbourhoods better places to live. It also helps government partners learn more about supporting neighbourhood renewal.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/547ENG%2Epdf

Community Action in Saint John: Making a Difference in the Lives of Young People

The Business Community Anti-Poverty Initiative (BCAPI) in Saint John is a Vibrant Communities convenor agency concerned with the welfare of teenagers who are pregnant or have children. Anne Makhoul explains that BCAPI began in 1997 in response to the high rate of poverty in Saint John.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/533ENG%2Epdf

Gentrification in West Broadway? Contested Space in a Winnipeg Inner City Neighbourhood

Silver examines the Winnipeg inner city, noting that the decline of urban inner cities since the 1950s has resulted in increased rates of poverty and crime, deterioration of residential facilities, lowering of property values and reduction in tax value of these areas.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Inner-City Public Policy: Empower Local Citizens

In this Frontier Centre article Larry Gregan proposes policy reforms to empower inner-city residents. Gregan claims that the intimate involvement of the public sector in the inner-city – through law enforcement, health care, politically-active agencies, and myraid other means – may inhibit the ability of residents to lead self-directed lives.
http://www.fcpp.org/pdf/gregan.pdf

Inner-City Voices, Community-Based Solutions: State of the Inner City Report: 2006

This report outlines the condition of inner-city life Winnipeg in 2006, focusing largely on the West Broadway and North Point Douglas neighbourhoods.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Local Heroes: CAW 199 and Community Partners

Ontario’s Niagara Region has a significant shortage of affordable housing, one of the province’s top five cities most in need. Anne Makhoul explains how, in 2003, a proposal for a 40-unit affordable housing complex was made to St. Catharines City Council.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/543ENG%2Epdf

North End Winnipeg’s Lord Selkirk Part Housing Development: History, Comparative Context, Prospects

In this paper Jim Silver explores the North End Winnipeg public housing development in the Lord Selkirk Park neighbourhood.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Safety and Security Issues in Winnipeg’s Inner-City Communities: Bridging the Community-Police Divide

Comack and Silver interview 45 residents and business people, in addition to 17 community workers, in three inner-city Winnipeg neighbourhoods to assess the state of safety and security. From this, they suggest that globalization, migration of Aboriginal peoples to the cities, and the growing number of immigrants have resulted in a “concentration of racialized poverty” in Winnipeg’s inner city.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Social Housing, Neighbourhood Revitalization and Community Economic Development

This report explores the nature of housing production as a part of a larger neigbourhood revitalization program in many Winnipeg inner city areas.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Spryfield Chooses ANC Halifax

Anne Makhoul explains that in contrast to the municipal government’s new structure, the United Way of Halifax Region (UWHR) focuses on building community strengths, emphasizing the important roles played by the individuals, families, and neighbourhoods.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/548ENG%2Epdf

Supporting Communities Partnership Initiative: What We Heard

In December 1999 the federal government created the National Homelessness Initiative (NHI), a $753 million program aimed at helping communities confront the problem of homelessness in Canada. The cornerstone of the NHI is the Supporting Communities Partnership Initiative (SCPI), designed to provide targeted funding to community organizations to help them alleviate homelessness at the local level.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/ow_e_03_...

The Great Social Transformation: Implications for the Social Role of Government in Ontario

This paper was commissioned in the Spring of 2002 by the Panel on the Role of Government, chaired by Ron Daniels of the University of Toronto Law School. It provides a broad survey of the way in which the patterns of family, work, and community life, for the people of Ontario, have been transformed in recent decades. Author Judith Maxwell argues that social policy principles developed in the 1960s and 1970s no longer provide adequately for the needs of Ontario citizens. She argues, however, that new ideas have begun to emerge.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/23649_en.pdf

The Living Wage Learning Initiative

As Anne Makhoul explains, Vibrant Communities established a pan-Canadian Living Wage Learning Initiative, which consisted of a series of tele-learning seminars in 2004-05. This Initiative examined lessons from the US movement and how they could be applied in Canada.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/535ENG%2Epdf

The Promise of investment in Community-Led Renewal -- State of the Inner City Report: 2005 (Parts I and II)

In this two-part series, the Manitoba Branch of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA Manitoba) addresses the poor social and economic situation in Winnipeg’s inner city, and the crime that has consequently arisen as a result.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

The Spoils of the Boom: Incomes, profits and poverty in Alberta

According to Diana Gibson, although Alberta is experiencing a boom, many Albertans do not feel they are benefiting. Unemployment levels are at all-time lows, however, inflation rates are at national highs.
http://www.ualberta.ca/PARKLAND/research/studies/Spoils of t...

The State of Public Services in Manitoba 2007. Privatization: The Public Service Trojan Horse

This report analyzes the degree of success of privatization in Manitoba’s public sector. The authors argue there is greater demand for public services due to an aging population, deteriorating infrastructure, expanded immigration, and global commerce.
http://policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/2007/St...

Urban Poverty: Fostering Sustainable and Supportive Communities

In this paper Divay and Séguin address the spatial distribution of poverty and its effects. They also discuss issues related to fostering socially sustainable communities. The authors focus on Canada’s major urban areas, and specifically on the poor neighbourhoods of these centres. Divay and Séguin look at the neighbourhood effects of poverty, and address the question of whether living in a neighbourhood with a high concentration of poverty diminishes the life chances of a child or adult.
http://www.cprn.ca/documents/17371_en.pdf

Vibrant Communities Edmonton: Building Economic Success

Vibrant Communities Edmonton (VCE) was created in 2002. Its efforts are modeled after the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s Re-Building Communities Initiative. This American not-for-profit organization focuses on the difficulties low-income families face in trying to improve their economic fortunes.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/571ENG%2Epdf

Vibrant Communities Edmonton’s Make Tax Time Pay Campaign

Vibrant Communities is a pan-Canadian project that seeks local solutions to reduce poverty and build more caring communities. Vibrant Communities Edmonton (VCE) was seen as a useful vehicle for informing Edmonton residents about the Alberta Child Health Benefit (ACHB).
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/570ENG%2Epdf

Waterloo Region’s Guaranteed Income Supplement Campaign

Despite the presence of more than 350 high-tech companies, a vibrant insurance industry, and two universities, Waterloo Region’s poverty rate was approximately 11.3 percent in 2001. In this context, Anne Makhoul focuses her attention on the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) for low-income seniors, suggesting that as many as 3,000 eligible residents in Waterloo Region were not receiving the GIS.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/519ENG%2Epdf

Whither the Federal Urban Agenda? A New Deal in Transition

Neil Bradford takes stock of the public policy response to what is termed, “the new localism” and the “cities agenda” in Canada.
http://www.cprn.com/documents/46924_en.pdf