Policy Articles: Cities & Communities: Social Services
Jane Jenson provides a synthesis report for the year-long analysis undertaken by Canadian and international experts for a research program organized by the CPRN.
In this brief article Anne Makhoul describes Action for Neighbourhood Change (ANC), a 14-month “strategic research and learning project that will assess how locally-driven revitalization strategies can help citizens build strong, sustainable neighbourhoods.”
The federal government identified the community of Surrey (British Columbia) to participate in Action for Neighbourhood Change (ANC), a pan-Canadian project based in five cities. ANC’s mandate is to help community members help each other to make their neighbourhoods better places to live. It also helps government partners learn more about supporting neighbourhood renewal.
The Business Community Anti-Poverty Initiative (BCAPI) in Saint John is a Vibrant Communities convenor agency concerned with the welfare of teenagers who are pregnant or have children. Anne Makhoul explains that BCAPI began in 1997 in response to the high rate of poverty in Saint John.
Silver examines the Winnipeg inner city, noting that the decline of urban inner cities since the 1950s has resulted in increased rates of poverty and crime, deterioration of residential facilities, lowering of property values and reduction in tax value of these areas.
In this Frontier Centre article Larry Gregan proposes policy reforms to empower inner-city residents. Gregan claims that the intimate involvement of the public sector in the inner-city – through law enforcement, health care, politically-active agencies, and myraid other means – may inhibit the ability of residents to lead self-directed lives.
This report outlines the condition of inner-city life Winnipeg in 2006, focusing largely on the West Broadway and North Point Douglas neighbourhoods.
Ontario’s Niagara Region has a significant shortage of affordable housing, one of the province’s top five cities most in need. Anne Makhoul explains how, in 2003, a proposal for a 40-unit affordable housing complex was made to St. Catharines City Council.
In this paper Jim Silver explores the North End Winnipeg public housing development in the Lord Selkirk Park neighbourhood.
Comack and Silver interview 45 residents and business people, in addition to 17 community workers, in three inner-city Winnipeg neighbourhoods to assess the state of safety and security. From this, they suggest that globalization, migration of Aboriginal peoples to the cities, and the growing number of immigrants have resulted in a “concentration of racialized poverty” in Winnipeg’s inner city.
This report explores the nature of housing production as a part of a larger neigbourhood revitalization program in many Winnipeg inner city areas.
Anne Makhoul explains that in contrast to the municipal government’s new structure, the United Way of Halifax Region (UWHR) focuses on building community strengths, emphasizing the important roles played by the individuals, families, and neighbourhoods.
In December 1999 the federal government created the National Homelessness Initiative (NHI), a $753 million program aimed at helping communities confront the problem of homelessness in Canada. The cornerstone of the NHI is the Supporting Communities Partnership Initiative (SCPI), designed to provide targeted funding to community organizations to help them alleviate homelessness at the local level.
This paper was commissioned in the Spring of 2002 by the Panel on the Role of Government, chaired by Ron Daniels of the University of Toronto Law School. It provides a broad survey of the way in which the patterns of family, work, and community life, for the people of Ontario, have been transformed in recent decades. Author Judith Maxwell argues that social policy principles developed in the 1960s and 1970s no longer provide adequately for the needs of Ontario citizens. She argues, however, that new ideas have begun to emerge.
As Anne Makhoul explains, Vibrant Communities established a pan-Canadian Living Wage Learning Initiative, which consisted of a series of tele-learning seminars in 2004-05. This Initiative examined lessons from the US movement and how they could be applied in Canada.
In this two-part series, the Manitoba Branch of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA Manitoba) addresses the poor social and economic situation in Winnipeg’s inner city, and the crime that has consequently arisen as a result.
According to Diana Gibson, although Alberta is experiencing a boom, many Albertans do not feel they are benefiting. Unemployment levels are at all-time lows, however, inflation rates are at national highs.
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This report analyzes the degree of success of privatization in Manitoba’s public sector. The authors argue there is greater demand for public services due to an aging population, deteriorating infrastructure, expanded immigration, and global commerce.
In this paper Divay and Séguin address the spatial distribution of poverty and its effects. They also discuss issues related to fostering socially sustainable communities. The authors focus on Canada’s major urban areas, and specifically on the poor neighbourhoods of these centres. Divay and Séguin look at the neighbourhood effects of poverty, and address the question of whether living in a neighbourhood with a high concentration of poverty diminishes the life chances of a child or adult.
Vibrant Communities Edmonton (VCE) was created in 2002. Its efforts are modeled after the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s Re-Building Communities Initiative. This American not-for-profit organization focuses on the difficulties low-income families face in trying to improve their economic fortunes.
Vibrant Communities is a pan-Canadian project that seeks local solutions to reduce poverty and build more caring communities. Vibrant Communities Edmonton (VCE) was seen as a useful vehicle for informing Edmonton residents about the Alberta Child Health Benefit (ACHB).
Despite the presence of more than 350 high-tech companies, a vibrant insurance industry, and two universities, Waterloo Region’s poverty rate was approximately 11.3 percent in 2001. In this context, Anne Makhoul focuses her attention on the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) for low-income seniors, suggesting that as many as 3,000 eligible residents in Waterloo Region were not receiving the GIS.
Neil Bradford takes stock of the public policy response to what is termed, “the new localism” and the “cities agenda” in Canada.