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Home Policy Articles: Environment & Climate: Sustainable Development


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Advancing Sustainable Development in Canada: Policy Issues and Research Needs popular

This paper identifies the specific issues of sustainable development that are most important to Canadians in the mid to long term. The report focuses on seven area: urban redesign, freshwater management, eco-region sustainability, impacts of globalization on Canada, signals and incentives, unsustainable lifestyles, and international engagement. In the context of each topic the report explains the problem and identifies research needs in the area. Broader conclusions are drawn and policies ideas are advanced as well as implementation strategies.

Can Markets Save Canada’s National Parks?

Green and LeRoy offer a comprehensive view of, in their view, how the politics of park management have prevented Parks Canada from considering the full range of policy options that could help secure a sustainable future for Canada’s national parks. Using statistical analysis they show that although the size of Canada’s protected areas has grown dramatically, the government has used new parks to fuel economic development and reward political interests. They also point out that the federal government has failed to protect Canada’s heritage sites and buildings.

Environmental Indicators (Sixth Edition)

In this paper, Brown, examine what they view as a disconnect between the perceptions of Canadian students about environmental trends and the reality of the situation.

How Research of the Profit Improves Environmental Quality

Pierre Desrochers considers the environmental impact of industrialized nations in a new light. He points out that industrialized nations have far higher environmental regulations.

How Saskatchewan Can Develop A Sustainable Environment and a Worker-Friendly Economy

Jan Norris argues that a sustainable environment is one that is in balance –that is, it is in a state of dynamic equilibrium. As technology has become more powerful, she argues that people’s role in the environment has increased dramatically and dangerously; in fact, the author suggests that human activity is so vast in scale that it threatens to knock the planet’s environment off-balance.

Integrated Landscape Mangement Modelling

This paper discusses more effective land management strategies to improve the environment while maintaining economic prosperity. The paper is the prduct of a workshop including individuals from government, industry and non-government organizations. They identified what integrated landscape managment would entail, thetypes of serveices that would be required to impliment the program, any limitations that such a model may encounter as well as strategies for filling these gaps.

Outcomes from the Stakeholder Session: The Citizens’ Forums on Personal Transportation, Energy Efficiency and Environmental Impacts

Starting with a basic assumption – that increased prices and demand for gasoline will lead to consumer demand for ways to reduce consumption and increase efficiency – the Public Policy Forum convened regional discussions with the Canadian driving public. These five Citizens’ Forums considered issues of fuel costs, conservation, energy efficiency, and the environmental impacts of driving, aiming to educate participants on options available to them.

Performance and Potential 2004-05: How Can Canada Prosper in Tomorrow’s World?

This report examines some of the major developments the Conference Board believes will affect Canada’s economic, social and environmental performance in the years ahead. This report is one in a series of Key Findings from the Conference Board of Canada. The project director of this report is Charles Barrett.

Performance and Potential 2005-06: The World and Canada: Trends Reshaping Our Future

In this annual Special Report, the Conference Board of Canada (CBC) takes both a retrospective and prospective look at Canada and the critical factors that affect the quality of life of Canadians. The report emphasizes that Canada must develop significant trade relationships with those countries that have growing middle classes. The findings, however, are not positive, and the report suggests that Canada is a fading economic power. The report makes policy suggestions, and considers where future improvements could be made.

Reconciling profits and sustainable development: Industrial waste recycling in market economies

According to Pierre Desrochers, some industrial waste recycling advocates believe in creating linkages between industries, where one firm’s waste becomes the valuable input of another.

Sustainable Development Framework for Science and Technology: Social and Cultural Dimensions

Sherri Torjman and David Minns describe the main elements of a sustainable development research framework for science and technology.

The Ambient Air Quality Accounts for the Nova Scotia Genuine Progress Index

This report by Anne Monette and Ronald Colman examines the ambient air concentrations of five air pollutants in Nova Scotia and the costs of damages caused by these emissions. The pollutants considered are: carbon monoxide, total particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds. The levels found in Nova Scotia are compared to that of Canada as a whole and human health costs and environmental damage are examined at the provincial level. Finally, actions for individuals and governments are suggested in the interests of reducing emissions in the future.

The Canadian Community Monitoring Network

In this community story Anne Makhoul describes how Environment Canada and the Canadian Nature Federation partnered to facilitate the development of a Canadian Community Monitoring Network.

The Democratic Content of Intergovernmental Agreements in Canada

Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs), the key instruments of executive federalism have been the source of considerable controversy. They are criticized by some for being undemocratic in nature and praised by others as the best means of ensuring cooperation on policy matters between the federal and provincial governments.

The Energy Accounts of the Nova Scotia Genuine Progress Index

This extensive study analyses and evaluates the sustainability and impact of energy use in Nova Scotia. The report is collaborative and captures the multi-dimensional aspects of sustainable development and energy resources. The study includes descriptions of Genuine Progress Index (GPI) methodology and criteria for selection and framework. This energy account looks specifically at the social economic and environmental impacts of energy use in Nova Scotia and provides real monetary costs of energy systems. The report concludes with recommendations on how to improve and expand on the report in the future, how to identify where more research is needed for more effective energy use in the future and how to use policy to achieve greater energy sustainability.

The Nova Scotia GPI Solid Waste-Resource Accounts

This report by Sally Walker, Ronald Colman, Jeffrey Wilson, Anne Monette and Gay Harley looks at the solid waste disposal system in Nova Scotia. As the authors explain, Nova Scotia has been able to reduce the amount of solid waste they produce by 50% through a superior sold waste system that included recycling incentives, composting and more efficient land fills. Though the program appears to have been costly the authors argue that due to the many ways in which the program saves money on services it is may be beneficial for both the environment and the provincial budget.

The Prince Edward Island Ecological Footprint

In this report Anne Monette, Ronald Colman and Jeffrey Wilson examine sustainable development in a different way, they focus on actions of consumers rather than actions of producers. This report specifically applies to Prince Edward Island but contains information that could easily apply to the rest of Canada. Monette, Colman and Wilson point to consumers who are living beyond their means in terms of producing more than the plant can assimilate and consuming more than the planet can provide. The authors provide specific changes that consumers could make to reduce their ecological footprint on PEI as well as actions government could take to help reduce the footprint also.

To reconcile profits and environment: industrial waste recycling in a market economy

In this article Pierre Desrochers argues against the historical belief that the profit driven economy is to blame for the industrial contribution to the breakdown of the environment.

Western Canada's Natural Capital: Toward a New Public Policy Framework

Worbets and Berdahl argue that Western Canada possesses natural resources that greatly enhance the West’s quality of life, and thereby its position in the attraction and retention of increasingly mobile human capital.