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Home Policy Articles: Fiscal & Budgetary: Page 2

Fiscal policy refers to the policies and priorities of governments in raising and spending taxpayers' money - and the impact of those policies on the economy as a whole. Fiscal policies are expressed through the budgetary processes of governments - the detailed plans and operations for raising and spending money. By deciding where and how to spend money, budgetary policies help to define the priorities of government. Fiscal policies are also used by Canadian governments as vehicles for economic stabilization, the promotion of economic growth and wealth creation, and the redistribution of income.



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Assessment of Canada Revenue Agency Relationship with Provinces and Territories: External Perspectives

This report summarizes a study conducted by the Public Policy Forum on behalf of the Canada Revenue Agency in 2004. The Public Policy Forum explored the current state, related issues, and future prospects of the Canada Revenue Agency’s relationship with the twelve jurisdictions on whose behalf it collects tax revenues and administers tax expenditure programs.

BC Solutions Budget 2003

Each year the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) publishes the BC Solutions Budget, an alternative to the provincial government’s own budget. The 2003 edition of the Solutions Budget, according to the CCPA, focuses on economic revival in BC. The CCPA looks at short-term and long-term factors affecting BC’s fortunes, as well as the resulting economic and fiscal context facing BC .

BC Solutions Budget 2004: Getting Ready for 2010

This BC Alternative Budget focuses on preparing the province for the Winter Olympic Games in 2010. As the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) puts it, “We’ve invited the world. They’re coming. And the place is a mess.” It suggests that the 2010 Olympics present both challenges and opportunities for BC.

BC Solutions Budget 2005

Every year since 1995, the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) has released an Alternative Federal Budget. When the CCPA’s British Columbia office opened in 1997, this tradition continued with provincial budgets. According to the CCPA, budgets are not merely financial documents: they are the clearest statement of the government’s actual priorities, stripped of the rhetoric of election promises and Throne Speeches.

BC Solutions Budget 2006: Budgeting for Women's Equality

Despite a strong economy in British Columbia, the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives argues that women have been largely excluded from its benefits.

Behind the Issues: Ontario 2003 - Ontario's tax cuts since 1995: The real tally

For the fourth consecutive time, Hugh Mackenzie points out how Ontario’s Conservative Party has placed tax cuts front and centre in the election campaign. He suggests the Tories’ political rhetoric is liberally sprinkled with evocative claims; Mackenzie argues, however, that an analysis of Ontario’s tax cut program from 1995 to 2003, and the changes promised and expected in the future, reveals a very different reality from the picture the Party paints.

Behind the Issues: Ontario 2003 - The manager myth (or how Ernie Eves balanced Ontario's budget one year in a row)

According to Hugh Mackenzie, fiscal management and balancing the budget stand just behind delivering tax cuts in the list of accomplishments claimed by the Ontario Conservatives. He points out that, almost without fail, Ernie Eves’ speeches call attention to his claim that the government balanced the budget five years running.

Blame Government for the Fall Out Weyerhauser Mill Closure

In this brief commentary Allen Evans discusses the closing of a mill in Prince Albert Saskatchewan and considers some of the policies that could have prevented the event.

Budget 2004: What the Liberals Actually Chose - A Summary and Commentary on the 2004 Ontario Budget

This commentary, published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) accompanies the Alternative Provincial Budget for Ontario’s 2004 Budget. The CCPA argues that, while the Ontario Finance Minister identified the poor state of public services before he released his budget – a large fiscal deficit, overcrowded classrooms, a shortage of doctors and nurses, among others – his budget ultimately failed to address these problems.

Building Prosperity in a Canada Strong and Free

This is the fourth part of former Ontario Premier Mike Harris and former Reform leader Preston Manning’s vision for a stronger Canada. In this report, Harris and Manning discuss optimizing the size of government, reducing taxation, and eliminating inter-provincial trade barriers and excessive regulation.

Business Taxes in Saskatchewan: Taking Stock for Progressive and Effective Reform

Adam Shevell writes this paper just after the Calvert government in Saskatchewan created the Business Tax Review Committee (BTRC), established with a mandate to “assess the tax system’s competitiveness and effectiveness in encouraging job creation and investment in Saskatchewan.”

Can They Pay for What They Say? A pre-election comparison of the Conservative, Liberal, and New Democratic Platforms

In this brief report written before the June 2004 Canadian federal election, Ellen Russell and Sheila Black assess whether the Conservative, Liberal, and New Democratic parties can pay for what they are promising in their election platforms.

Can We Afford It? The Case for the New 2005 Federal Budget

This study examines how provincial tax and spending policies have impacted different areas of BC. Lee, Murray and Parfitt explore the flows of income, both to and from BC regions and communities. They view tax cuts as new money flowing into communities, while spending cuts and tax increases take money from these communities. The authors’ research reveals a consistent theme: government fiscal policy has disproportionately affected BC’s “Heartlands.”

Canada's Fiscal Advantage

This book compares the fiscal systems of Canada and the United States so as to challenge the traditionally held view that Canada's fiscal system is not competitive with that of the U.S.

Canada's Fiscal Advantage

In this book Joe Ruggeri and Jennifer McMullin argue that, contrary to a widely held view, Canada’s fiscal system is competitive with that of the United States.

Canada’s Commitment to Equality: A Gender Analysis of the Last Ten Federal Budgets (1995-2004)

The background context of Armine Yalnizyan’s paper is Canada’s adoption in 1995 of the Beijing Platform for Action. This agreement set out a detailed plan for addressing women’s poverty, economic security, and health. Yalnizyan asks whether women in Canada are better off in 2004 than they were in 1995. This is a difficult question to answer, since some women report a marked improvement in their quality of life, while others point to the ways in which life seems harder. However, the author attempts to answer the question in measurable terms.

Canadian Conundrums: Views from the Clifford Clark Visiting Economists

This Communiqué includes a look at the Table of Contents, Foreword, and Introduction to the book Canadian Conundrums, edited by Robert Brown. In his introduction, Brown explains that the purpose of the book is to bring the insights of past Clifford Clark Visiting Economists to a broader audience. Topics included in the volume range from fiscal balance to taxation.

Capital Punishment?

Allan Evans discusses the need to create a more favorable investment environment in Saskatchewan.

Caring for Canadians in a Canada Strong and Free

Former Ontario Premier Mike Harris and former Reform Party leader Preston Manning discuss the “vision deficit” and “policy deficit” they consider to be evident in Canadian politics, particularly at the federal level.

Child Tax Deception: the Proposed Child Tax Deduction

In this report Ken Battle argues against the Conservative proposal to introduce a $2,000 child tax deduction, stating that this would be most beneficial to wealthy families.

Child Tax Deception: the Proposed Child Tax Deduction

Ken Battle considers the federal Conservative Party’s child tax deduction proposal to be “retrograde and regressive.”

Cold Cuts: The Impact of Cuts to the City of Winnipeg's Business Tax

In this brief publication, Ian Hudson and Andrew Buchel examine tax cuts to Winnipeg’s business sector, as implemented by Mayor Sam Katz.

Coming Home to Roost: Ontario pre-"budget" analysis

This technical paper is to accompany the Ontario Alternative Budget 2003-04. In this report, Hugh Mackenzie explores the continuing controversy over the decision of the Eves government to turn the release of its provincial budget into a private PC Party campaign event.

Compliance and Administrative Costs of Taxation in Canada

In this report, Francois Vallaincourt, Jason Clemens, and Milagros Palacios prepare a calculated estimate of the “hidden” compliance and administrative costs of taxation in Canada.

Cost Shift: How British Columbians are Paying for Their Tax Cut

As Sylvia Fuller and Lindsay Stephens describe in Cost Shift: How British Columbians are Paying for Their Tax Cut, the first order of business for the newly elected Liberal government in BC was a massive tax cut. According to Fuller and Stephens, the cuts have left a massive gap in government revenue. The authors argue this revenue gap, in tandem with the Liberals’ campaign promise to produce a balanced budget by 2004-05, has necessitated spending cuts to a number of programs. In addition to these cuts, Fuller and Stephens claim the government has engaged in ‘cost-shifting,’ transferring the expense of various services and programs from the public to individuals, families and employers.

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