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Home Policy Articles: Health Care: Fertility


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Quebec’s Baby Bonus: Can Public Policy Raise Fertility?

This article, by Kevin Milligan, looks at the Government of Quebec’s pro-natalist Allowance for Newborn Children (ANC), an initiative aiming to rise the natality level to a higher percentage andwhich came to be in 1988. Milligan uses comparisons of statistical data between Quebec and the rest of Canada (ROC) to measure what effect, if any, the ANC had on childbirth in the Province. The author, whose research controls for several factors including immigrant background, civil status and economic trends, finds that “the fertility behaviour observed in Quebec lines up very well with the incentives families faced under the ANC.” In fact, Milligan finds a 14.5 percent increase in births during the period of study.