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Home Policy Articles: Health Care: Population Health


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A Healthy Balance: A Summary Report on a National Roundtable on Caregiving Policy in Canada

This report on a national roundtable , written by Judi Varga-Toth, summarizes discussion about research from the Healthy Balance Research Program on caregivers and organization, empowerment, and health and well-being. The roundtable sought to communicate policy implications of project research to policy makers, to develop ideas and support for a common vision of caregiving in Canada and to develop a Call to Action for caregiving policy in Canada.

Assessing the CAPC/CPNP Joint Management Infrastructure as a Model for FPT Collaboration: Looking Back and Moving Forward

This report by David Hay, Brian Bell, Judi Varga-Toth, and Tatyaba Teplova aims to describe and review the federal/provincial/territorial joint management infrastructure (JMI) that oversees the Community Action Program for Children (CAPC) and the Canada Parental Nutrition Program (CPNP). The authors also seek to determine the broader potential of multi-level governance and how it may be used to advance the goals of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The report includes an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities affecting the infrastructure of the CAPC and the CPNP as well as suggestions for new research and steps towards the most effective structure possible.

Data, Data, Everywhere… : Improving Access to Population Health and Health Services Research Data in Canada

This report is the culmination of a project undertaken by the CPRN and the Centre for Health Services and Policy Research at the University of British Columbia. The purpose of this project: to understand how to enhance access to, and use of, current data infrastructure regarding health care (for the purposes of conducting important health research and making wise investments to increase data and analytic capacity). As the authors point out, the collectors and custodians of this data – Statistics Canada, Health Canada, provincial/territorial government ministries, and others – have no explicit mandate to support the research community.

Elder Care: The Nexus for Family, Work and Health Policy

Satya Brink presented this paper at an annual conference of the Canadian Association of Gerontology in Montreal in October 2002. In her paper, she discusses the wide-reaching impact of elder care on individuals, families, work, and public policy.

From Support to Isolation: The high Cost of BC’s Declining Home Support Services

In this paper Cohen, McLaren, Sharman, Murray, Hughes and Ostry examine the nature of home support within the BC health care system.

Generic Drugopoly: Why Non-patented Prescription Drugs Cost More in Canada than in the United States and Europe

In this article, Brett Skinner addresses the question of why non-patented prescription drugs in Canada are so expensive relative to those sold in the United States and Europe.

Getting Better Health Care: Lessons from (and for) Canada

This paper attempts to examine the nature of Canada’s health care system to determine what lessons have been learned and assess forward movement in the debate over health care reform.

Health Promotion Programs at Work: A Frivolous Cost or a Sound Investment?

This article by Kimberley Bachmann argues that, contrary to popular belief, the issue of “whether health promotion programs are a frivolous cost or a sound investment is not the correct topic of debate.” Rather, when integrated into a larger approach, such programs tend to improve employee perception of a given company, improve productivity, and can lead to important cost reductions (short-term and long-term disability costs, productivity). Additionally, Bachmann contends that, when analyzed from an even broader perspective, such programs can be beneficial to the entire community (Canada, in this case), in that they promote overall health and well-being.

Misconceptions About the Causes of Cancer

In this book-length study, Swirsky Gold, Slone, Manley, and Ames highlight nine misconceptions about pollution, pesticides, and the causes of cancer. For each misconception, they provide scientific evidence that debunking that misconception. They argue that regulatory policy focusing on traces of synthetic chemicals is based on misconceptions about animal cancer tests; furthermore, they argue 99.9 percent of the chemicals that humans ingest are natural.

Quebec’s Baby Bonus: Can Public Policy Raise Fertility?

This article, by Kevin Milligan, looks at the Government of Quebec’s pro-natalist Allowance for Newborn Children (ANC), an initiative aiming to rise the natality level to a higher percentage andwhich came to be in 1988. Milligan uses comparisons of statistical data between Quebec and the rest of Canada (ROC) to measure what effect, if any, the ANC had on childbirth in the Province. The author, whose research controls for several factors including immigrant background, civil status and economic trends, finds that “the fertility behaviour observed in Quebec lines up very well with the incentives families faced under the ANC.” In fact, Milligan finds a 14.5 percent increase in births during the period of study.

Should cigarettes be banned in public places?

Valentin Petkantchin examines smoking bans from an economic perspective. France is the context for his discussion, though he makes comparisons with other countries.

Sport, Health and Physical Activity: Finding Common Ground

The report, prepared by Heather Barclay for the Public Policy Forum, examines the relationship among the sport, health, and physical activity communities. The Public Policy Forum was approached by the Sport Matters Group in the spring of 2003 to examine these relationships, and to promote a higher level of understanding among the three sectors.

Strengthening Canada: The Socio-Economic Benefit of Sport Participations in Canada

This comprehensive Report by Michael Bloom, Michael Grant and Douglas Watt examines the many benefits Canada could gain through increased participation in sport. The authors explain that the primary benefits of sport can be seen in health, social cohesion, skills, and in economic terms. The paper begins with an overview of sport participation in Canada; this includes a comparison of those sports most played, and the duration/frequency of activity. Bloom, Grant and Watt then consider the participation in sport activities from a demographics perspective; specifically, they look at age, gender, household composition, income, and level of educational attainment.

The Cancer Epidemic as a Social Event

Statistics cited by Robert Chernomas and Lissa Donner reveal that from 1970 to 1998, after controlling for aging, incidences of cancer in Canada increased by 35 per cent for men and 27 per cent for women. Many different points of view exist to explain the rise in cancer.

Twelve Case Studies on Innovative Workplace Health Initiatives: Summary of Key Conclusions

This study looked at the methodologies and results found in twelve workplaces which have taken innovative steps to be healthier work environments.