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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: Canada - U.S. Relations


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Renewing the U.S. - Canada Relationship popular

This report considers the breakdown of the Canada - U.S. relationship and how this development has affected both countries. The report concludes that much of the breakdown has been due to the fall of communism and the resulting loss of common goals. The document encourages a renewed relationship and emphasizes new reasons for Canada and the U.S. to work together.

Will We Rise to the Challenge? Eight Mega Issues Facing Canada popular

This briefing tracks eight key trends that are having a major impact on Canada’s business and public policy environment. Charles Barrett and Anne Golden point to the global economy and the consequences of competition from developing countries. They examine Canada’s relationship with the United States and the competing priorities of defence and trade. They also look at the need for investment in human capital and innovation for Canada to compete on the global stage, as well as the importance of addressing climate change and environmental issues.

Agricultural Trade Disputes Between Canada and the United States: Costly but Diminishing

In this Commentary Richard Barichello, Timothy Josling and Daniel Summer discuss the many trade disputes involving agricultural products that have arisen between the United States and Canada. As they explain, the development of free trade between the two nations has resulted in a high level of integration between their agricultural markets.When trade disputes develop, however, they are costly for both consumers and producers. Accordingly, the purpose of the authors study is to help reduce the number of agricultural trade disputes by better understanding them.

Beyond Labels: Comparing Proposals for Closer Canada-U.S. Economic Relations

Danielle Goldfarb’s report looks at suggested proposals aimed at building stronger Canada-US economic relations. Despite core differences in the proposals, she finds there to be much in the way of consensus – regarding both the need for a coherent strategy and its principal elements. Goldfarb contends that future policy discussions should focus on a deeper substantive assessment of the desirability, feasibility, and details of a set of possible Canada-US initiatives.

Canada and the Global Challenge: Finding a Place to Stand

At the time of this article’s writing, Canada’s last comprehensive foreign policy review was completed in 1995. In this context, its authors argue that a new foreign policy dialogue, launched in January 2003, would serve as a tentative step toward recognizing the need for a fresh look at Canada and the world.

Canada and the U.S.: A Seamless Energy Border?

In this report Bradley and Watkins explore the closely integrated energy economies of Canada and the United States. They point out that energy trade has grown significantly and become more market-based – stimulated by deregulation and underwritten by NAFTA. The authors argue this relationship has generated substantial benefits for Canada, and that growth has taken place with little friction; this said, they suggest that this benign situation is likely to change.

Canada Now: Fading Power or Future Power

This report discusses issues considered at National Foreign Policy Conference in 2003. It was found that Canada needs to reconsider its position on foreign affairs due to the weakness of multilateral institutions, the change in security concerns and the instability of the international system.

Canada's Fiscal Advantage

In this book Joe Ruggeri and Jennifer McMullin argue that, contrary to a widely held view, Canada’s fiscal system is competitive with that of the United States.

Canada-US Regulatory Co-operation

This report was the result of day-long symposium set up to debate how to best move forward with Canada-US regulatory co-operation. First, the benefits of greater co-operation are reviewed, then changes to the way the government seems to view regulation as a tool for policy are suggested. Consideration is given to the differences between Canadians and Americans and the negative effects these differences may have. Finally a strategy for introducing greater co-operation is suggested in light of the previous discussion.

Canada-US Regulatory Co-operation: Charting a Path Forward

This report by Andre Downs and Doug Blair concern itself with Canada-US trade regulation and the ways in which it may effect both economies. First Downs and Blair look at bi-lateral co-operation agreements and what was required to make them successful. Next, the report considers the potential negative impact of regulatory regimes on productivity and economic growth. Finally, the report examines specific sectors that would benefit from a more co-operative regulation scheme.

CIIA Student Foreign Policy Symposium

This collaborative paper argues that a new approach to the implementation of foreign policy is necessary due to a changing international scene. Keeping in mind the importance of security, prosperity and the maintenance of Canadian values this report suggests the use of multilateralism, specialization and strong Canada - U.S. relations to move Canada forward on the international stage.

Climate Change: An Opportunity for a Bilateral Approach

In this report from a conference organized by the Public Policy Forum and the Woodrow Wilson Center, Michael Lister highlights conclusions regarding bilateral Canada-US climate change policies.

Course Correction: Advice on Canada’s Future Foreign Policy

This report was submitted to the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (as it existed at the time of this paper’s writing); it is centred on discussions stemming from the Consultative Forum on Canada’s Role in the World, held in April 2003. The forum was organized by the Conference Board of Canada, and included participants from Canada’s business community. The main argument of this submission is simply that the prosperity pillar remains critical to Canada’s foreign policy.

Deeper, Broader: A Roadmap for a Treaty of North America

This paper is part of a book-length publication, edited by Courchene, Savoie and Schwanen, which contains papers that were presented at the “Art of the State” Conference, hosted by the IRPP and held in October 2003. This conference featured experts from Canada, Mexico and the United States who came together to explore new ideas, new instruments and new processes for enriching the North American experience. The main goal of the conference was to remedy gaps in public discourse, while at the same time understanding how three sovereign nations could advance common causes and manage their increasing interdependence.

Economic Freedom of North America, 2004 Annual Report

This Fraser Institute publication is the second edition of the annual report, Economic Freedom of North America.

Free Trade and Canada: 15 Years Later

This paper, written by Daniel Schwanen, was written in the context of the 15th anniversary of the implementation of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement (also known as the FTA), which largely formed the basis of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Schwanen argues that both of these agreements must be viewed vis-à-vis the broader trend towards the increased liberalization of global trade, investment, and services, and the movement of people, following the Second World War, coupled with technological changes affecting transportation and communications.

From Deep Integration to Reclaiming Sovereignty: Managing Canada-U.S. Economic Relations Under NAFTA

In this report, Bruce Campbell examines the relationship between Canada and the US under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). He notes that as the politicians, bureaucrats, think tanks and media pundits who brought us NAFTA push ahead with their deep integration agenda, they dismiss the agreement’s negative effects and deny its failed promises.

From Leaps of Faith to Hard Landings: Fifteen Years of "Free Trade"

Andrew Jackson evaluates the impacts of increased economic integration, from a Canadian perspective, between Canada and the United States. Specifically, Jackson examines the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), in the context of the “great free trade debate” of the late 1980s.

Fuelling Fortress America: A Report on the Athabasca Tar Sands and U.S. Demands for Canada’s Energy

The Athabasca tar sands in Alberta hold the largest hydrocarbon deposit ever discovered, containing an estimated 175 to 200 billion barrels of recoverable oil. Using newer technology, this number might increase to as much as 2.5 trillion barrels of oil.

Giving Greater Weight to Canadian Foreign Policy

This submission by the CIIA Victoria branch suggests a new strategy for international relations. They suggest the first step is a strengthening of the Department of National Defence as well as the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Specific actions to reach this end are suggested.

In Search of a New Equilibrium in the Canada-U.S. Relationship

This Conference Board Report cites the need for a new balance in Canada’s relationship with the United States. It suggests that some inherent dilemmas must be confronted, the most crucial of which is the unequal power relationship between the two countries. Despite the naturally predominant position of the US, however, the Report suggests that Canada does not always need to follow American policies.

Indecent Proposal: The Case Against a Canada-U.S. Customs Union

Since 9/11, pressure has been mounting for a new deal between the United States and Canada to ensure unimpeded flows of trade and investment in the future. Marc Lee cites the new wave of pro-integration literature which propose a “strategic bargain” with the US across a number of policy areas, including border security, defence policy, and immigration. There is a call for a Canada-U.S. Customs Union (CUCU).

Mapping the New North American Reality - Introduction

This brief report serves as the introduction to Mapping the New North American Reality, a series of brief articles written by Canadian, American, and Mexican policy experts exploring the nature of North American economic integration.

North American Integration: The Emergence of Cross-Border Regions

This paper results from a round table discussion on the development of cross-border regions. Four topics were specifically addressed in relation to cross-border regions; territorial decomposition of economic activities, province-state partnerships, the reconfiguration of values and cultural space, and challenges for the government of Canada.

Of Independence and Faustian Bargains: Going Down the Deep Integration Road with Uncle Sam

In this article, Bruce Campbell explores how Canada can continue to maintain its independence in the face of ongoing North American integration. He argues that two changes in the political landscape over the last 15 years have intensified this challenge: 1) the Bush Pax Americana, whose mission to maintain global dominance has little patience for working in concert with the international community, and 2) the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which the author contends is deeply flawed.

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