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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: Foreign Investment

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A Capital Story: Exploding the Myths Around Foreign Investment in Canada

Guillemette and Mintz begin their report by pointing out that the flow of foreign investment into Canada increased substantially in the latter part of the 1990s as part of a worldwide pattern of unprecedented levels of cross-border investment activity. Guillemette and Mintz refer to the media concerns about broad-based foreign takeover and Canadian assets, and argue that those concerns were completely unfounded.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_201.pdf

Annual Innovation Report 2004: Don’t Overlook the “MEs”

In this report, Munn-Venn and Mitchell explore the innovation, capabilities, and performance of Canada’s often-overlooked medium-sized firms. This report is part of an overall Conference Board exercise to assess the kinds of firms that will build Canada’s future economic success. Munn-Venn and Mitchell argue that medium-sized firms may serve as a model for how other Canadian firms can find their way in the global marketplace.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=113...

British Columbia: Canada's Pacific Gateway to the World

In November 2004, the Public Policy Forum hosted a conference entitled British Columbia: Canada’s Pacific Gateway to the World. This conference brought together leaders to examine how best to leverage and profile British Columbia and Vancouver prominently in Canadian economic development. This report summarizes each panel session of the workshop. Speakers and participants discussed recent positive developments, current challenges, and solutions for continued prosperity.
http://www.ppforum.com/common/assets/publications/en/wcoutco...

Canada's R&D Deficit - And How to Fix It: Removing the Roadblocks

In this study, Richard Harris re-examines the relationship between productivity growth and innovation, and Canadian government policy. Harris argues that increasing Canada’s productivity growth is key to raising living standards. Accordingly, he views innovation as instrumental in driving productivity improvements. Harris points out that (internationally) there is significant understanding vis-à-vis the importance of research and development (R&D), although there is still considerable policy debate around the best means of fostering an ideal R&D climate.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_211.pdf

Canada’s Changing Role in Global Supply Chains

With the globalization of the world economy, Kip Beckman and Danielle Goldfarb explain that companies now produce products made from regional and global components rather than building products with parts that originate all from a single place.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/LayoutAbstract.asp?D...

Canadian Workers Need the Tools to Do the Job and Keep Pace in the Global Investment Race

In this e-brief, Goldfarb and Robson argue that Canada’s business investment is essential if Canadian living standards are to increase, and that Canadian workers need the infrastructure resulting from increased investment in order to facilitate that growth. Goldfarb and Robson measured both national and provincial investment performance against the performance of other industrialized countries.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/ebrief_17.pdf

Don’t Overlook the “MEs” : Medium-sized Firms Show the Way to Global Success

This briefing by Trefor Munn-Venn presents the key findings of the Annual Innovation Report 2004 of the Conference Board of Canada. Specifically, the Annual Report examines the innovation capabilities and performance of Canada’s often-overlooked medium-sized firms. The Conference Board argues that medium-sized firms may be a model of how other Canadian firms can find their way in the global marketplace.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=108...

Economic Freedom of the World, 2004 Annual Report

This Fraser Institute publication is an annual edition of the report Economic Freedom of the World.
http://www.fraserinstitute.ca/admin/books/chapterfiles/EFW20...

Economic Freedom of the World: 2003 Annual Report

This Fraser Institute publication is an annual edition of the report Economic Freedom of the World. The authors Gwartney and Lawson argue the key ingredients of economic freedom are personal choice, voluntary exchange, freedom to compete, and protection of the person and property. They contend that economic freedom liberates individuals and families from government dependence, giving them control over their respective futures.
http://www.fraserinstitute.ca/admin/books/chapterfiles/Compl...

Exploring Canada’s Innovation Character: Benchmarking Against Global Best

In this report, the Conference Board of Canada presents a framework for understanding innovation, an evaluation of Canada’s innovation performance, and suggestions for future action that can be taken in this regard. An international comparison is used to assess Canada’s global standing in innovation.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=813...

Financing Canadian Innovation: Why Canada Should End Roadblocks to Foreign Private Equity

In this article, Stephen A. Hurwitz and Louis J. Marett attempt to answer the question: why do promising Canadian ventures attract only one-third of the capital of their US competitors in the North American marketplace?
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_244.pdf

Financing Canadian Innovation: Why Canada Should End Roadblocks to Foreign Private Equity

In this article, Stephen A. Hurwitz and Louis J. Marett attempt to answer the question: why do promising Canadian ventures attract only one-third of the capital of their US competitors in the North American marketplace?
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_244.pdf

Foreign Direct Investment: Decisions, Determinants, and the Role of Taxation – A Survey

In this report, Mahmood Iqbal explores the issue of foreign direct investment, in light of its phenomenal growth in the past decade worldwide. Iqbal conducts a review of the literature regarding foreign direct investment and concludes the existing research has often used methodologies that are very dissimilar, and yet the overall findings around decision-making related to the foreign direct investment process, among other factors, are very similar. Iqbal cites three variables that he believes have always been identified as the main factors in determining the flow of foreign direct investment: resource endowment, market size, and agglomeration economics.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=646...

If We Can Fix It Here, We'll Make It Anywhere: Effective Policies at Home to Boost Canada’s Global Success

Danielle Goldfarb argues that Canadian policy-makers would be better served to address trade barriers that can be solved by domestic-level government action than by attempting to influence foreign governments.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/LayoutAbstract.asp?D...

Improving Canada's Business Environment and Competitiveness

This report follows a discussion of the Government of Canada (GoC) document Advantage Canada: Building a Strong Economy for Canadians, which accompanied the November 2006 fiscal update.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/improvin...

Mission Possible: Stellar Canadian Performance in the Global Economy

Glen Hodgson and Anne Park Shannon begin by stating that although Canada’s economy is performing well and is one of the best in the world, it is falling behind in areas critical for economic success in the rapidly changing economic environment of the twenty-first century.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/LayoutAbstract.asp?D...

Modern Welfare States Under Pressure: Determinants of Tax Policy and Globalizing World

In this unrefereed working paper, Christian Lammert analyzes the impact of globalization on tax policy in welfare states.
http://www.irpp.org/miscpubs/archive/wp/wp2004-01.pdf

Open For Business? Canada's Foreign Direct Investment Challenge

The objectives of this report, by Gilles Rhéaume, are to examines the trends in global foreign direct investment, analyze why Canada’s share of ‘inward’ foreign investment has declined substantially over the last couple of decades, and suggest ways to reverse that trend. Rhéaume assesses Canada’s current and potential comparative advantages as an investment destination, and outlines actions that could be taken to build on those advantages. As part of his analysis, Rhéaume examines the factors that motivate multinational enterprises to invest in foreign countries.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=735...

Promoting Trade and Investment in Canada: A Survey of Major Industry Associations

The purpose of Promoting Trade and Investment in Canada, authored by Erika-Kirsten Paupst and Yves Poisson of the Public Policy Forum, is to summarize industry views on the main impediments to Canadian trade and investment. The authors consulted a wide range of industry associations, asking each to identify federal policies and regulations they viewed as having the potential to impact Canada’s ability to attract trade and investment. In addition to presenting these issues, the report also summarizes the results of interviews conducted with federal government officials to gauge the Government of Canada’s response to the related industry concerns.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/ow_p_12_...

Should Canada Update Its Foreign Investment Rules? The China Minmetals-Noranda Case

In this briefing, Tony Keller examines whether some foreign investors are unwelcome in Canada. He cites the example of China Minmetals, a company owned by the Chinese government, and its intent to purchase Canadian mining giant Noranda. As Keller points out, news of this takeover, in Canadian circles, provoked an exceptional level of opposition. Concerns about foreign ownership, resources scarcity, human rights, and a foreign government buying a piece of Canada were raised by observers at both ends of the political spectrum.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=109...

State Policies to Enhance the New Economy: A Comparative Perspective

In this paper, MacKenzie, Sheldrick and Silver explore ideas about the New Economy, and the trend of many jurisdictions continuing to orient their economic policy towards the development of New Economy initiatives. According to the authors, this trend is underpinned by two interrelated assumptions about the nature of the New Economy: 1) it is linked to globalization (that is, it is the key to global competitiveness), and 2) the growth of information technology will bring benefits to those who were excluded from the old economy.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Manitoba_Pubs/200...

Taking a Giant’s Measure: Canada, NAFTA, and an Emergent China

In this report, Wendy Dobson argues that Canadians must take both the opportunities and potential risks of China’s emergence as a major economic force more seriously. She argues that a critical part of this readiness involves a ‘North American strategy’ and a long-term ‘non-North American strategy.’ In order to do this, according to Dobson Canada requires significant changes in thinking about trade and investment; in particular, Canada must take into consideration that much of Chinese competition is based on its position in the global value chains of foreign countries, very few of which are Canadian.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_202.pdf

The Canadian Financial Services Industry: The Year in Review

This briefing summarizes the 2002-03 edition of The Canadian Financial Services Industry: The Year in Review. This publication reviews major developments in both the financial services sector and its policy environment, in Canada and abroad; it focuses specifically on legislation designed to restore investor confidence in corporate governance and financial markets.
http://www.conferenceboard.ca/Boardwiseii/Document.asp?DID=7...

The New Dynamics of North America: US-Mexico Relations and the Border Economy

In May 2002 the Public Policy Forum organized a study tour to northern Mexico and the southern United States for the purpose of enhancing the understanding of Canadian policy-makers about the relationship between the two nations. As Yves Poisson and Erika-Kirsten Paupst, authors of the subsequent study tour report, point out, there are a number of reasons why a greater understanding of the US-Mexico relationship is important to Canada. Chief among them is the economic case made by the authors; with growing trade and foreign direct investment under NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement), Canada and Mexico have increasingly stronger economic ties.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/ow_p_05_...

What Drives Foreign Direct Investment? The Role of Taxation and Other Factors

To begin this report, Iqbal points out that the last decade has seen phenomenal growth in foreign direct investment worldwide, at a rate outpacing even the growth in production and international trade. In light of this growth, Iqbal examines the factors that contribute to a corporation’s decision to invest. He argues that resource endowment, market size, and agglomeration economics have always been recognized as the main factors in the flow of foreign direct investment; he contends, however, that globalization, economic integration, and falling regulatory barriers have reduced the significance of these traditional barriers.
http://sso.conferenceboard.ca/e-Library/Document.asp?DID=617...