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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: Globalization


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Will We Rise to the Challenge? Eight Mega Issues Facing Canada popular

This briefing tracks eight key trends that are having a major impact on Canada’s business and public policy environment. Charles Barrett and Anne Golden point to the global economy and the consequences of competition from developing countries. They examine Canada’s relationship with the United States and the competing priorities of defence and trade. They also look at the need for investment in human capital and innovation for Canada to compete on the global stage, as well as the importance of addressing climate change and environmental issues.

A Fine Balance: Canadian Unions Confront Globalization

In A Fine Balance: Canadian Unions Confront Globalization, John Peters argues Canadian unions must make significant strides towards renewal in order to counter the effects of globalization. For the first time since the 1960s, Peters writes, union density in Canada is below 30 percent. In addition, union membership has been in steady decline for the last few decades; he suggests some 50,000 to 80,000 new members are required each year for unions to maintain their current overall size and political power.

A Globalist Strategy for Calgary

Patrick Smith and Kennedy Stewart distinguish between “globalized” and “globalist” cities. Globalized cities respond to the forces of globalization and are shaped by external interests, while globalist cities are proactive, increasing their presence in the world and improving their economy.

Canada Now: Fading Power or Future Power

This report discusses issues considered at National Foreign Policy Conference in 2003. It was found that Canada needs to reconsider its position on foreign affairs due to the weakness of multilateral institutions, the change in security concerns and the instability of the international system.

Canada's Secret Constitution: NAFTA, WTO and the End of Sovereignty?

In Canada’s Secret Constitution: NAFTA, WTO and the End of Sovereignty?, Stephen Clarkson examines the effect of international treaties on Canada’s domestic policy. Treaties, Clarkson asserts, internationalize part of a state’s legal order.

CIIA Student Foreign Policy Symposium

This collaborative paper argues that a new approach to the implementation of foreign policy is necessary due to a changing international scene. Keeping in mind the importance of security, prosperity and the maintenance of Canadian values this report suggests the use of multilateralism, specialization and strong Canada - U.S. relations to move Canada forward on the international stage.

Citistates and the State of Cities: Political-Economy and Fiscal-Federalism Dimensions

This Working Paper by Thomas Courchene examines the dynamic and potential of cities which he deems to be “Global City Regions” (GCR). As Courchene explains, cities, as political actors, actively work with one another, and even other countries, to expand their regional influence and grow economically. In Canada, Courchene points to Vancouver, Edmonton/Calgary, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, and Halifax as examples of Global City Regions. Courchene explains that the focus of this paper is to examine both why GCRs have become so important in the information era and how these cities may evolve to effectively drive the local, national, and global economies.

Embedding Globalization: A Human Capital Perspective

This article by Thomas J. Courchene compares the evolution of globalization and the knowledge/information revolution (GIR) with the “compromise of embedded liberalism” – that is, the growth of the welfare state next to “international trade and openness.”

Federal Grants Under the Discipline of Global Forces

Federal Grants Under the Discipline of Global Forces, by Michel Boucher and Jean-Luc Migué, examines the hypothesis that a more open economy leads to the destabilization of what the authors call the ‘political cartel’ of federalism. According to Boucher and Migué, federalism requires political collusion to remain stable. In their view, the federal government induces this collusion, providing provinces with equalization payments and other forms of grant money. The authors argue, however, that as economies become more open (that is, free from government regulation), increased competition will act as a powerful force against this form of political collusion because capital and labour will enjoy the freedom of moving to new markets. After providing empirical evidence for their hypothesis, Boucher and Migué conclude the result will be decreased levels of equalization funding in Canada.

Giving Greater Weight to Canadian Foreign Policy

This submission by the CIIA Victoria branch suggests a new strategy for international relations. They suggest the first step is a strengthening of the Department of National Defence as well as the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Specific actions to reach this end are suggested.

Keeping up with the Joneses: A Policy for the Government of Saskatchewan's International Relations

In this paper Dr. Robert McLaren calls for reforms to Saskatchewan's international relations policy. This, he explains, will only come through changes to the law, the organizational structure of the government and the budget.

Modern Welfare States Under Pressure: Determinants of Tax Policy and Globalizing World

In this unrefereed working paper, Christian Lammert analyzes the impact of globalization on tax policy in welfare states.

Performance and Potential 2005-06: The World and Canada: Trends Reshaping Our Future

In this annual Special Report, the Conference Board of Canada (CBC) takes both a retrospective and prospective look at Canada and the critical factors that affect the quality of life of Canadians. The report emphasizes that Canada must develop significant trade relationships with those countries that have growing middle classes. The findings, however, are not positive, and the report suggests that Canada is a fading economic power. The report makes policy suggestions, and considers where future improvements could be made.

Policy Choices: Improving our Relations with the United States: Conference Outcomes Report

With a new government in Ottawa, this discussion paper attempts to outline the status of Canada’s relationship with the United States, in 2006, and means for improving the relationship.

Standing on Guard: Canada Identity, Globalization, and Contenential Integration

Raymond Blake investigates the strength of the Canadian identity at a time when golablization and continental economic integration seem to be pervasive. Blake argues that gloablization and US integration is not necessarily in direct opposition to a strong Canadian Identity.

State Policies to Enhance the New Economy: A Comparative Perspective

In this paper, MacKenzie, Sheldrick and Silver explore ideas about the New Economy, and the trend of many jurisdictions continuing to orient their economic policy towards the development of New Economy initiatives. According to the authors, this trend is underpinned by two interrelated assumptions about the nature of the New Economy: 1) it is linked to globalization (that is, it is the key to global competitiveness), and 2) the growth of information technology will bring benefits to those who were excluded from the old economy.

The Ethical Recruitment of Internationally Trained Health Professionals: Lessons from Abroad and Options for Canada

Tom McIntosh, Renée Togerson, and Nathan Klassen discuss the ethical dilemma surrounding the recruitment of internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs) from developing countries to fill the gaps they perceive in Canada’s health care system.

The Evolving Role of Governments in a 21st Century Economy: Summary Report of the Interviews and Roundtable Discussions

This paper, by Nicole Murphy, outlines some of the broad changes in the economy with the goal of determining the type of response Canada should take to maintain its economic advantage in a global economy.

The Future of Industrial Policy in a Globalizing World: What are the Options?

In this Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives publication, Marc Lee examines the evolution of industrial policy vis-à-vis globalization. Lee defines industrial policy as “the incentives and relationships established by governments in order to develop a nation or region’s economy.” Broadly speaking, this entails any actions governments take that have an effect on economic performance.

The Global Divide: Inequality in the World Economy

In The Global Divide: Inequality in the World Economy, Marc Lee, of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, contends that the growing global gap between rich and poor is one of the most pressing issues of our time. Lee discusses two forms of inequality – inequality between nations and within them. He asserts that growing interconnections as a result of globalization mean that inequality is cause for concern in wealthier nations. The driving force behind inequality, according to Lee, is neo-liberal economic policy – privatization, restrictive fiscal and monetary policies, and financial liberalization – proposed by rich countries as the “cure” for the plight of the poor. Lee concludes by calling for radical changes in the economic order, changes he believes will address global inequality.

U.S. Bilateral Free Trade Accords: Why Canada Should Be Cautious About Going to Same Route

In this Commentary Danielle Goldfarb considers the implications that the numerous American Bilateral trade agreements might have on Canada. Her concern comes from the idea that without Canada being present at the negotiating table both Canadian interests and the stake that Canada has in American trade policy may be undermined. Although Goldfarb recognizes that the impacts may not be incredibly large, she feels government ought to involve themselves. Goldfarb then explains that the Canadian strategy has been to make numerous bilateral agreements with other nations.