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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: Imports & Exports


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American Corn and Canadian Trade Actions: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

In response to the Canadian government’s trade dispute against the US Farm Bill subsidies at the World Trade Organization (WTO), Lawrence L. Herman questions whether this action represents a market-based approach to multilateral forums, or if it is merely a response to domestic pressures.

Annual Innovation Report 2004: Don’t Overlook the “MEs”

In this report, Munn-Venn and Mitchell explore the innovation, capabilities, and performance of Canada’s often-overlooked medium-sized firms. This report is part of an overall Conference Board exercise to assess the kinds of firms that will build Canada’s future economic success. Munn-Venn and Mitchell argue that medium-sized firms may serve as a model for how other Canadian firms can find their way in the global marketplace.

Atlantica: Myths and Reality

This article by Scott Sinclair and John Jacobs examines the proposed Atlantica or Atlantic International Northeast Economic Region (AINER) agreement.

Beyond Our Borders: Western Canadian Exports in the Global Market

Beyond Our Borders: Western Canadian Exports in the Global Market, by Robert Roach, of the Canada West Foundation, examines the role of international exports and foreign demand in Western Canada’s economy.

Don’t Overlook the “MEs” : Medium-sized Firms Show the Way to Global Success

This briefing by Trefor Munn-Venn presents the key findings of the Annual Innovation Report 2004 of the Conference Board of Canada. Specifically, the Annual Report examines the innovation capabilities and performance of Canada’s often-overlooked medium-sized firms. The Conference Board argues that medium-sized firms may be a model of how other Canadian firms can find their way in the global marketplace.

Improving Canada's Business Environment and Competitiveness

This report follows a discussion of the Government of Canada (GoC) document Advantage Canada: Building a Strong Economy for Canadians, which accompanied the November 2006 fiscal update.

Mission Possible: Stellar Canadian Performance in the Global Economy

Glen Hodgson and Anne Park Shannon begin by stating that although Canada’s economy is performing well and is one of the best in the world, it is falling behind in areas critical for economic success in the rapidly changing economic environment of the twenty-first century.

NAFTA Rules of Origin

In this report Rober Kunimoto and Gary Sawchuk cconsiders some of the unexprected economic costs of further North American integration. As Kunimoto and Sawchuk explian this porcesss may be effected by other measures, such as most favored nation (MFN) status, which may make lower tariffs available. In this study they look at the factors that influance whether an importer will use MFN or NAFTA rules of oringin.

Reaching the Tipping Point: Effects of Post-9/11 Border Security on Canada’s Trade and Investment

In this report, Danielle Goldfarb notes how increased border security at Canada-US crossings has had economic ramifications for Canadian exporters.

Revisiting NAFTA: Still Not Working for North America’s Workers

NAFTA’s agenda, according to Scott, Salas, Campbell, and Faux, was to promote an integrated continental economy and the rules to govern it. As such, it was focused upon the business elite, “excluding the ordinary people in all three societies.”

Taking a Giant’s Measure: Canada, NAFTA, and an Emergent China

In this report, Wendy Dobson argues that Canadians must take both the opportunities and potential risks of China’s emergence as a major economic force more seriously. She argues that a critical part of this readiness involves a ‘North American strategy’ and a long-term ‘non-North American strategy.’ In order to do this, according to Dobson Canada requires significant changes in thinking about trade and investment; in particular, Canada must take into consideration that much of Chinese competition is based on its position in the global value chains of foreign countries, very few of which are Canadian.

Tighter Border Security and its Effect on Canadian Exports

As Michael Burt explains, it was not surprising that the United States increased security at border crossings in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Towards open skies for airlines in Canada

According to Pierre J. Jeanniot, the Canadian government is considering greater liberalization in the country’s airline industry in line with the current international trend toward open markets in aviation.

Trade as Aid: Freeing Access to Canada’s Markets for the World’s Poor

This article by Danielle Goldfarb examines the government’s proposal of extending duty- and quota-free access to Canada’s imports from the least developed countries (LDCs). In sum, Goldfarb argues that “trade as aid is good policy;” in her view, the ability to export is likely to reduce poverty among key groups in developing countries (such as women) while also providing Canada with cheaper imported products.