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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: North American Integration


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At Risk: How the Federal Government’s Deregulation Agenda Threatens Health and Environmental Standards

Lee and Campbell examine the question: Is there really an economic case to be made for deregulation?

Atlantica: Myths and Reality

This article by Scott Sinclair and John Jacobs examines the proposed Atlantica or Atlantic International Northeast Economic Region (AINER) agreement.

Banking in North America

This brief report serves as the introduction to Mapping the New North American Reality, a series of brief articles written by Canadian, American, and Mexican policy experts exploring the nature of North American economic integration.

Canada-US Regulatory Co-operation

This report was the result of day-long symposium set up to debate how to best move forward with Canada-US regulatory co-operation. First, the benefits of greater co-operation are reviewed, then changes to the way the government seems to view regulation as a tool for policy are suggested. Consideration is given to the differences between Canadians and Americans and the negative effects these differences may have. Finally a strategy for introducing greater co-operation is suggested in light of the previous discussion.

Canada-US Regulatory Co-operation: Charting a Path Forward

This report by Andre Downs and Doug Blair concern itself with Canada-US trade regulation and the ways in which it may effect both economies. First Downs and Blair look at bi-lateral co-operation agreements and what was required to make them successful. Next, the report considers the potential negative impact of regulatory regimes on productivity and economic growth. Finally, the report examines specific sectors that would benefit from a more co-operative regulation scheme.

Immigration: Mapping the New North American Reality

In this paper Meyers and O’Neil remind us that although the focus of North American integration is the movement of goods, people are an integral element of the equation.

Mapping the New North American Reality - Conclusion

This brief report serves as the conclusion to Mapping the New North American Reality, a series of brief articles written by Canadian, American, and Mexican policy experts exploring the nature of North American economic integration.

Mapping the New North American Reality - Introduction

This brief report serves as the introduction to Mapping the New North American Reality, a series of brief articles written by Canadian, American, and Mexican policy experts exploring the nature of North American economic integration.

NAFTA Rules of Origin

In this report Rober Kunimoto and Gary Sawchuk cconsiders some of the unexprected economic costs of further North American integration. As Kunimoto and Sawchuk explian this porcesss may be effected by other measures, such as most favored nation (MFN) status, which may make lower tariffs available. In this study they look at the factors that influance whether an importer will use MFN or NAFTA rules of oringin.

No Small Change: The Awkward Economics and Politics of North American Monetary Integration

This article by William B.P. Robson and David Laidler examines different options regarding the idea of monetary integration between Canada and the United States. The authors outline the arguments of several critics who believe that Canada’s current monetary order should be replaced by one based on the US dollar, particularly as the Canadian currency is doomed to disappear in “a world of large currency blocks.” Robson and Laidler propose an alternate direction, arguing that Canada has been relatively well served by its monetary policy.

North American Economic Integration: Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

This brief report serves as the introduction to Mapping the New North American Reality, a series of brief articles written by Canadian, American, and Mexican policy experts exploring the nature of North American economic integration.

North American Integration: The Emergence of Cross-Border Regions

This paper results from a round table discussion on the development of cross-border regions. Four topics were specifically addressed in relation to cross-border regions; territorial decomposition of economic activities, province-state partnerships, the reconfiguration of values and cultural space, and challenges for the government of Canada.

North American Monetary Integration: Should Canada Join the Dollarization Bandwagon?

Over the last decade the concept of North American Monetary Union (NAMU) has received increased attention in Canada. Mario Seccareccia, author of North American Monetary Integration, recognizes this and explores whether NAMU proposals would be beneficial to Canada. According to Seccareccia, the low Canadian dollar, growing integration with the United States, and international examples of monetary integration (such as the European Union experience) are all behind the growth in support for a North American Monetary Union.

Policy Choices: Improving our Relations with the United States: Conference Outcomes Report

With a new government in Ottawa, this discussion paper attempts to outline the status of Canada’s relationship with the United States, in 2006, and means for improving the relationship.

Policy Implications of a Canada-US Customs Union

In this paper Bill Dymond and Michael Hart consider the possibility of a Canada-US cutoms union. They first desribe the context in which such a union would develop and what the elements of a trade union might be. They then describe the ways in which Canadian policy would change.

Productivity and the Dollar: Commodities and the Exchange Rate Connection

This article by David Laidler and Shay Aba opposes critics who would argue that Canada’s flexible exchange rate system has been “undermining the economy’s productivity performance.” This argument is based on the idea that Canada’s producers have relied on the declining value of the dollar rather than on improving their productivity to maintain their profits. According to Laidler and Aba, changing Canada’s system to a fixed exchange rate would not have fixed the situation but worsened it, as it would have brought deflation and recession. This, in turn, would have “made investment less attractive.”

Rethinking North American Integration

This paper, prepared by Hulley and Poisson, is the final report of a conference hosted by the Public Policy Forum on Rethinking North American Integration. The conference focused on the results of a survey conducted in Canada, the US, and Mexico by EKOS Research Associates concerning values and attitudes toward North American integration.

Roads, Trains and Ports: Integrating North American Transport

In this paper David Eaton argues that Mexico has historically enjoyed three advantages in the global economy: proximity to the US, a cheap exchange rate, and low cost labour.

Shaping the Future of the North American Economic Space: A Framework for Action

In this article Wendy Dobson examines ways through which Canada can protect its economic position in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on the US, of September 11, 2001. Dobson argues that, considering the US political system, only a “Big Idea” will succeed in this regard, which she defines as “next steps toward deeper integration.” Three Big Ideas are examined by Dobson. The first is a customs union, based on adopting a common external trade policy. The second is a common market, which would “free up the movement of people and flows of capital and technology.” The third is a strategic bargain, a Big Idea that would allow Canada to flex its muscle in areas where the US desires greater harmonization (namely border security, immigration and defense) to achieve common market-like advantages.

Standing on Guard: Canada Identity, Globalization, and Contenential Integration

Raymond Blake investigates the strength of the Canadian identity at a time when golablization and continental economic integration seem to be pervasive. Blake argues that gloablization and US integration is not necessarily in direct opposition to a strong Canadian Identity.

Straight Talk: Big Business and the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement 15 Years Later

This paper, written on the 15th anniversary of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement, examines the free trade claims of the big business lobby, the Business Council on National Issues (BCNI), in relation to its own performance over the past 15 years.

Taking a Fresh Look at North American Integration

In this paper, Cimon and Rebolledo argue that the concept of North American integration should be revisited and extended beyond traditional trade theory.