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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: Trade Disputes


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Agricultural Trade Disputes Between Canada and the United States: Costly but Diminishing

In this Commentary Richard Barichello, Timothy Josling and Daniel Summer discuss the many trade disputes involving agricultural products that have arisen between the United States and Canada. As they explain, the development of free trade between the two nations has resulted in a high level of integration between their agricultural markets.When trade disputes develop, however, they are costly for both consumers and producers. Accordingly, the purpose of the authors study is to help reduce the number of agricultural trade disputes by better understanding them.

American Corn and Canadian Trade Actions: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

In response to the Canadian government’s trade dispute against the US Farm Bill subsidies at the World Trade Organization (WTO), Lawrence L. Herman questions whether this action represents a market-based approach to multilateral forums, or if it is merely a response to domestic pressures.

NAFTA Chapter 19: A Successful Experiment in International Trade Dispute Resolution

This article by Patrick Macrory examines the role of the special binational panel permitted by Chapter 19 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), a mechanism that Macrory argues has been quite effective in dealing with trade disputes between Canada and the United States – most of which relate to antidumping (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) actions. Macrory also contends that Chapter 19 has proven to be much more effective than legal processes in resolving such disputes.

Shaping the Future of the North American Economic Space: A Framework for Action

In this article Wendy Dobson examines ways through which Canada can protect its economic position in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on the US, of September 11, 2001. Dobson argues that, considering the US political system, only a “Big Idea” will succeed in this regard, which she defines as “next steps toward deeper integration.” Three Big Ideas are examined by Dobson. The first is a customs union, based on adopting a common external trade policy. The second is a common market, which would “free up the movement of people and flows of capital and technology.” The third is a strategic bargain, a Big Idea that would allow Canada to flex its muscle in areas where the US desires greater harmonization (namely border security, immigration and defense) to achieve common market-like advantages.

The Art of the State II (Folio 6)

This book-length publication, edited by Courchene, Savoie and Schwanen, contains papers that were presented at the “Art of the State” Conference, hosted by the IRPP and held in October 2003. This conference featured experts from Canada, Mexico and the United States who came together to explore new ideas, new instruments and new processes for enriching the North American experience. The main goal of the conference was to remedy gaps in public discourse, while at the same time understanding how three sovereign nations could advance common causes and manage their increasing interdependence.