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Home Policy Articles: International Trade, Development & Finance: Page 7

In the early days of the 21st century, countries around the globe are becoming ever more interdependent as the need to share resources, address common international problems, and provide aid in development becomes more pressing. International trade, development, and finance is – customarily – a hugely controversial area of public policy, as economic development must be balanced with concern for human rights, foreign aid, and barriers such as trade disputes. This area of public policy considers a wide range of subjects including international organizations, international markets, and the implications of globalization. offers a clear window into international trade, development and finance policy.



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The Unseen Wall: The Fraser Institute’s 2003 Trade Survey

This report is the culmination of a two-year survey conducted by the Fraser Institute examining the impact of non-tariff and non-quota trade barriers on Canadian companies exporting goods and services to the United States. In the survey, respondents suggested that relations between the two countries deteriorated since 2002, sufficiently so, that two-thirds of respondents said it had damaged their ability to export to the United States.

Thinking North American Environmental Management

This article, by Scott Vaughan, is one of a set of eight folios released in 2004 to mark the 15th anniversary of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement, and the 10th anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Thinking Outside the Trade Treaty Box

At the Canadian Labour Congress Industrial Policy Conference, Scott Sinclair argues that while trade treaties have limited many of the traditional tools of industrial and economic development policy, room to manoeuvre still exists.

This "New Europe": Historic Policy Opportunities for Canada

Karl Henriques writes this paper in order to suggest a new policy direction in Canada in light of Europe's change in constitutional structure.

Tighter Border Security and its Effect on Canadian Exports

As Michael Burt explains, it was not surprising that the United States increased security at border crossings in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Towards open skies for airlines in Canada

According to Pierre J. Jeanniot, the Canadian government is considering greater liberalization in the country’s airline industry in line with the current international trend toward open markets in aviation.

Trade and Environment in North America

This brief report serves as the introduction to Mapping the New North American Reality, a series of brief articles written by Canadian, American, and Mexican policy experts exploring the nature of North American economic integration.

Trade as Aid: Freeing Access to Canada’s Markets for the World’s Poor

This article by Danielle Goldfarb examines the government’s proposal of extending duty- and quota-free access to Canada’s imports from the least developed countries (LDCs). In sum, Goldfarb argues that “trade as aid is good policy;” in her view, the ability to export is likely to reduce poverty among key groups in developing countries (such as women) while also providing Canada with cheaper imported products.

Trade in Services: An Opportunity for Canada

In January 2003, the Public Policy Forum was asked by Industry Canada to assess the concerns and reflections of key Canadian stakeholders interested in the round of negotiations taking place at the time pertaining to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) through the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Truth or Consequences? The Law and Politics of the GATS Health Care Debate

Examines the potential impact of the GATS on social policy making and the nature of the legal debate over GATS interpretation, especially of the Article I:3 exclusion for services supplied in the exercise of "governmental authority".

U.S. Bilateral Free Trade Accords: Why Canada Should Be Cautious About Going to Same Route

In this Commentary Danielle Goldfarb considers the implications that the numerous American Bilateral trade agreements might have on Canada. Her concern comes from the idea that without Canada being present at the negotiating table both Canadian interests and the stake that Canada has in American trade policy may be undermined. Although Goldfarb recognizes that the impacts may not be incredibly large, she feels government ought to involve themselves. Goldfarb then explains that the Canadian strategy has been to make numerous bilateral agreements with other nations.

What Canadians Have to Say About Relations With the United States

As Alexandroff and Guy point out, since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 Canada’s relationship with the United States has been under intense scrutiny. They also note that this scrutiny has increased even further, with Canada’s refusal to support the US-led invasion of Iraq. In this paper the authors explore the attitudes of the Canadian public towards a closer relationship with the United States.

What Drives Foreign Direct Investment? The Role of Taxation and Other Factors

To begin this report, Iqbal points out that the last decade has seen phenomenal growth in foreign direct investment worldwide, at a rate outpacing even the growth in production and international trade. In light of this growth, Iqbal examines the factors that contribute to a corporation’s decision to invest. He argues that resource endowment, market size, and agglomeration economics have always been recognized as the main factors in the flow of foreign direct investment; he contends, however, that globalization, economic integration, and falling regulatory barriers have reduced the significance of these traditional barriers.

When Worlds Collide: Implications of International Trade and Investment Agreements for Non-Profit Social Services

Andrew Jackson and Matthew Sanger examine the implications of international trade agreements and investments on Canada’s domestic social policies. Although Canada has vowed its domestic social policies will not be compromised by international trade obligations, it has also been a leading proponent of increasing trade liberalization in the services sector.

Why the "Big Idea" is a Bad Idea: A Critical Perspective on Deeper Economic Integration With the United States

In this study, Andrew Jackson examines the “Big Idea” of fostering even closer economic integration between Canada and the United States (from a Canadian perspective). He explains that the proposal of the Canadian Council of Chief Executives (CCCE) is a “strategic bargain” in which Canada would give the US a strong North American security perimeter and even greater access to Canadian energy resources; in return, Canada would supposedly obtain secure access to the US market.

Zero Foreign Aid? Policy Implications for Donor and Recipient Countries

What will happen to aid-recipient countries if a policy of zero aid is implemented today? The latest debate on foreign aid focuses on the view that most of the problems of the poorest countries will be solved if enough aid is provided.

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