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Home Policy Articles: Military & Defence: Border Security


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A Friendly Agreement in Advance: Canada-US Defense Relations Past, Present, and Future popular

The author of this article, J.L. Granatstein, argues that Canada has no choice but to support the United States in an expanded anti-terrorism war, as well as in a National Missile Defense (NMD) scheme proposed by the Bush Administration. Granatstein explains that the two countries have been linked in defense for over 60 years, and that, as such, Canada’s refusal to participate in joint defence programs would inevitably carry real costs. Considering that the US will defend itself regardless of Canada’s position, Granatstein asserts that Canada must participate in defence programs – if only to protect its sovereignty. Granatstein suggests that by participating, Canada can maintain its seat at the defence table, which should, in turn, strengthen Canada’s bargaining position on trade issues.

Renewing the U.S. - Canada Relationship popular

This report considers the breakdown of the Canada - U.S. relationship and how this development has affected both countries. The report concludes that much of the breakdown has been due to the fall of communism and the resulting loss of common goals. The document encourages a renewed relationship and emphasizes new reasons for Canada and the U.S. to work together.

Controlling Irregular Migration in Canada: Reconciling Security Concerns with Human Rights Protection

This article by François Crépeau and Delphine Nakache examines recent developments in Canada (following the events of September 11, 2001) regarding migration control.

Guarding the Continental Coasts: United States Maritime Homeland Security and Canada

In this article, Joel J. Sokolsky discusses the change in American perceptions around security in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks.

Our Relationship with America

Brian Lee Crowley briefly discusses the trade realtioship between the US and Canada. He identifies Canada's dependance on US trade and emphasises the importance of border security to ensure positive trade realtions.

Policy Choices: Improving our Relations with the United States: Conference Outcomes Report

With a new government in Ottawa, this discussion paper attempts to outline the status of Canada’s relationship with the United States, in 2006, and means for improving the relationship.

Reaching the Tipping Point: Effects of Post-9/11 Border Security on Canada’s Trade and Investment

In this report, Danielle Goldfarb notes how increased border security at Canada-US crossings has had economic ramifications for Canadian exporters.

Risky Business: U.S. Border Security and the Threat to Canadian Exports

In this �Commentary,� Danielle Goldfarb and William B.P. Robson evaluate the vulnerability of Canadian exports, and the jobs and investment that are inextricably linked to our exports, in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks.

Shaping the Future of the North American Economic Space: A Framework for Action

In this article Wendy Dobson examines ways through which Canada can protect its economic position in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on the US, of September 11, 2001. Dobson argues that, considering the US political system, only a “Big Idea” will succeed in this regard, which she defines as “next steps toward deeper integration.” Three Big Ideas are examined by Dobson. The first is a customs union, based on adopting a common external trade policy. The second is a common market, which would “free up the movement of people and flows of capital and technology.” The third is a strategic bargain, a Big Idea that would allow Canada to flex its muscle in areas where the US desires greater harmonization (namely border security, immigration and defense) to achieve common market-like advantages.

The North American Imperative: A Public-Good Framework for Canada-U.S. Economic and Security Cooperation

In this report, William B.P. Robson argues that securing proposed economic and security improvements between Canada and the United States requires that people in both countries (and particularly Canadians) think more boldly, and develop a strategy framework that focuses on North American ‘public goods.’ Robson points out that public goods, which are familiar in domestic activities, have international counterparts: areas where coordinated contributions yield payoffs larger than individual countries can realize acting on their own.

Thinking the Unthinkable: Security Threats, Cross-Boarder Implications and Canada's Long-Term Strate

Danielle Goldfarb offers highlights and analysis around a confidential seminar, held in 2003, where experts from a variety of fields discussed national security policy.

Tighter Border Security and its Effect on Canadian Exports

As Michael Burt explains, it was not surprising that the United States increased security at border crossings in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

US and Canadian Immigration Policies: Marching Together to Different Tunes

This article by Peter Rekai argues the United States and Canada should continue their trend towards greater bilateralism to resolve what are decidedly bilateral issues, namely the issue of security following the terrorist attacks on the US of September 11, 2001. In this context, Rekai, focuses on immigration policy. He finds that Canada has tightened its immigrant and refugee screenings, but has not followed the US example and improved its screening of temporary workers and visitors; for Rekai this is a “particularly troubling omission” considering the ease with which potential ‘harm doers’ could use temporary visas as a means of entry.