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Home Policy Articles: Military & Defence: National Security

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A Friendly Agreement in Advance: Canada-US Defense Relations Past, Present, and Future popular

The author of this article, J.L. Granatstein, argues that Canada has no choice but to support the United States in an expanded anti-terrorism war, as well as in a National Missile Defense (NMD) scheme proposed by the Bush Administration. Granatstein explains that the two countries have been linked in defense for over 60 years, and that, as such, Canada’s refusal to participate in joint defence programs would inevitably carry real costs. Considering that the US will defend itself regardless of Canada’s position, Granatstein asserts that Canada must participate in defence programs – if only to protect its sovereignty. Granatstein suggests that by participating, Canada can maintain its seat at the defence table, which should, in turn, strengthen Canada’s bargaining position on trade issues.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_166.pdf

A Vigilant Parliament: Building Competence for Effective Parliamentary Oversight of National Defence popular

Douglas L. Bland and Roy Rempel express grave concerns over the lack of interest the Canada�s Parliament has shown in defence policy and foreign affairs since the post-Cold War era began.
http://www.irpp.org/pm/archive/pmvol5no1.pdf

A National Security Framework for Canada

This article by W.D. Macnamara and Ann Fitz-Gerald examines Canada’s strategy regarding national security and what, in the authors view, is a lack of any framework to link this strategy with defence policy.
http://www.irpp.org/pm/archive/pmvol3no10.pdf

Canada and Military Coalitions: Where, How and with Whom?

This article by Douglas Bland examines not whether Canada should continue participating in coalitions (which Bland considers a given), but “whether Canada has the political will and the means to influence the shape and operating expectations of established and emerging coalitions to best benefit Canada’s national interests.”
http://www.irpp.org/pm/archive/pmvol3no3.pdf

Canada Now: Fading Power or Future Power

This report discusses issues considered at National Foreign Policy Conference in 2003. It was found that Canada needs to reconsider its position on foreign affairs due to the weakness of multilateral institutions, the change in security concerns and the instability of the international system.
http://www.ciia.org/proceedings/FPC2003.pdf

Canadian Naval Future: A Necessary Long-Term Planning Framework

In this unrefereed working paper, Peter T. Haydon calls for an updated Canadian naval strategy.
http://www.irpp.org/miscpubs/archive/wp/wp2004-12.pdf

CIIA Student Foreign Policy Symposium

This collaborative paper argues that a new approach to the implementation of foreign policy is necessary due to a changing international scene. Keeping in mind the importance of security, prosperity and the maintenance of Canadian values this report suggests the use of multilateralism, specialization and strong Canada - U.S. relations to move Canada forward on the international stage.
http://www.ciia.org/proceedings/StudentSymposium2003.pdf

Giving Greater Weight to Canadian Foreign Policy

This submission by the CIIA Victoria branch suggests a new strategy for international relations. They suggest the first step is a strengthening of the Department of National Defence as well as the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Specific actions to reach this end are suggested.
http://www.ciia.org/proceedings/Victoria%20FPD.pdf

Guarding the Continental Coasts: United States Maritime Homeland Security and Canada

In this article, Joel J. Sokolsky discusses the change in American perceptions around security in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks.
http://www.irpp.org/pm/archive/pmvol6no1.pdf

Managing Global Crises – and the U.S. Colossus

In this report, David Wright argues that Canada should never blindly follow the United States vis-à-vis decision-making around international crises. On the other hand, he argues that Canadians should never feel inadequate or irrelevant when they do support U.S. positions, especially on security issues. Wright suggests that Canada should take positions on international issues that are based on its interests and consistent with its values.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_207.pdf

Multinational Land Force Interoperability: Meeting the Challenge of Different Cultural Backgrounds in Chapter VI Peace Support Operations

This article by Ann Fitz-Gerald analyzes the interoperability of forces of different nationalities in multinational forces of the UN, NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
http://www.irpp.org/choices/archive/vol8no3.pdf

National Insecurity: Bowing to US “Security” Demands Will Make Canadians Less Secure

In this article, Clarke, Dobbin and Finn argue that powerful business leaders are accustomed to getting what they want from the federal and provincial governments. What business leaders want now, more than anything else, the authors contend, is to bind Canada more tightly to the United States, in order to ensure direct access to the world’s largest market.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/National_Office_P...

Performance and Potential 2005-06: The World and Canada: Trends Reshaping Our Future

In this annual Special Report, the Conference Board of Canada (CBC) takes both a retrospective and prospective look at Canada and the critical factors that affect the quality of life of Canadians. The report emphasizes that Canada must develop significant trade relationships with those countries that have growing middle classes. The findings, however, are not positive, and the report suggests that Canada is a fading economic power. The report makes policy suggestions, and considers where future improvements could be made.
http://www.conferenceboard.ca/Boardwiseii/Document.asp?DID=1...

Sailing in Concert: The Politics and Strategy of Canada-US Naval Interoperability

This article by Joel Sokolsky examines the concept of interoperability but with a specific focus on the role of the Canadian Navy.
http://www.irpp.org/choices/archive/vol8no2.pdf

Shaping the Future of the North American Economic Space: A Framework for Action

In this article Wendy Dobson examines ways through which Canada can protect its economic position in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on the US, of September 11, 2001. Dobson argues that, considering the US political system, only a “Big Idea” will succeed in this regard, which she defines as “next steps toward deeper integration.” Three Big Ideas are examined by Dobson. The first is a customs union, based on adopting a common external trade policy. The second is a common market, which would “free up the movement of people and flows of capital and technology.” The third is a strategic bargain, a Big Idea that would allow Canada to flex its muscle in areas where the US desires greater harmonization (namely border security, immigration and defense) to achieve common market-like advantages.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_162.pdf

The Canadian Forces and the Doctrine of Interoperability: The Issues

This article by Danford Middlemiss and Denis Stairs explores the Canada-US defence relationship in light of calls for greater cooperation and interoperability following the events of September 11, 2001 and other recent catalysts, including developments leading to the war in Afghanistan.
http://www.irpp.org/pm/archive/pmvol3no7.pdf

Thinking the Unthinkable: Security Threats, Cross-Boarder Implications and Canada's Long-Term Strate

Danielle Goldfarb offers highlights and analysis around a confidential seminar, held in 2003, where experts from a variety of fields discussed national security policy.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/backgrounder_77.pdf