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Home Policy Articles: Public Administration: Page 2

Modern governments have increasingly come to play an important role in managing society, and rely on large public services to steer social and economic policies. This begs many questions. What ought to be the role of the public service in society? What are the best approaches to management of public affairs? How is public administration in Canada evolving?

This section of policy.ca provides valuable insight on these and many other questions concerning public administration.


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Council of the Federation: An Idea Whose Time Has Come

This brief report is part of a series published by the IRPP and the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, called the Council of the Federation Series. The Council of the Federation was created in July 2003 by the provincial premiers and territorial leaders to better manage their relations, and ultimately, build a more constructive relationship with the federal government. This series of brief reports is meant to encourage wider knowledge and discussion of the Council, and to provoke further thought about the general state of intergovernmental relations in Canada.
http://www.irpp.org/miscpubs/archive/federation/meekison.pdf...

Cutting CPP Contributions: Let’s pop this trial balloon

The federal government has a plan to reduce Canada Pension Plan (CPP) contributions from employers and employees by putting some of the federal surplus directly into the program. According to Michael Prince, this idea will put our pension funds at risk.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/598ENG%2Epdf

Evaluation Framework for Federal Investment in the Social Economy: A Discussion Paper

This discussion paper presents a Results-Based Accountability Framework for the Social Economy Pilot Initiatives announced in the 2004 federal budget.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/566ENG%2Epdf

Expanding the Partnership: The Proposed Council of the Federation and the Challenge of Glocalization

This brief report is part of a series published by the IRPP and the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, called the Council of the Federation Series. The Council of the Federation was created in July 2003 by the provincial premiers and territorial leaders to better manage their relations, and ultimately, build a more constructive relationship with the federal government. This series of brief reports is meant to encourage wider knowledge and discussion of the Council, and to provoke further thought about the general state of intergovernmental relations in Canada.
http://www.irpp.org/miscpubs/archive/federation/telford.pdf

Facing the Science Challenge: Recruiting the Next Generation of Public Service Research Scientists

Averill, Lopes and Dale argue that scientific excellence is essential to the business of government and to the well-being of Canadians. On a daily basis, government officials rely on scientific research to make decisions that will affect Canadians’ health and safety, and to ensure the economic competitiveness of businesses operating in Canada. However, the authors reveal that the Government of Canada’s cohort of research scientists is one of the oldest.
http://www.ppforum.com/common/assets/publications/en/science...

Financing the Canada and Quebec Pension Plans

In his paper Michael Mendelson describes the financing policies of the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and the Quebec Pension Plan (QPP). The paper also includes a discussion of the organization and experience of the two plans’ investment boards.
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/601ENG%2Epdf

Fixing Canadian Democracy

The idea for this book came from a Fraser Institute conference on democratic reform in 2001, as well as the openness of the British Columbia government to explore these topics (such as the creation of the Citizen’s Assembly on Electoral Reform).
http://www.fraserinstitute.ca/admin/books/chapterfiles/Chapt...

Framing the Canadian Social Contract: Integrating Social, Economic and Political Values Since 1940

This report by Greg Clarke and David Laycock lays out an “analytical framework for understanding key dimensions of post-war thinking about the implicit Canadian social contract.” The social contract entails for the authors, among other things, the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and Canada’s sense of responsibility towards the rest of the world. The authors subsequently outline the three major social contract models in Canadian public discourse as well as the trade-offs each entails.
http://www.cprn.com/documents/15344_en.PDF

From Public Good to Private Exploitation: Electricity Deregulation, Privatization and Continental Integration

Marjorie Griffin Cohen’s paper From Public Good to Private Exploitation: Electricity Deregulation, Privatization and Continental Integration argues the public provision of electricity is in a precarious position due to forces driving industry deregulation. Though Canada’s electricity industry remains largely publicly owned, Cohen believes the industry is invariably headed towards privatization.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/National_Office_P...

From Rhetoric to Reality: Protecting Whistleblowers in Alberta

In this report Keith Archer discusses the act of whistleblwing and the many challenge that are involved with trying to protect whistleblowers. He explains that whistleblowing is generally used o refer to the disclosure of information which may be harmful to the public's interest. However this action raises concerns over employee loyalty, a need for anonymity, and the comprehensiveness of whistleblower protection. Archer then considers a number of whistleblowing regimes including ones in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. Archer then focuses on Alberta's need for a whistleblower protection strategy.
http://www.ualberta.ca/~parkland/research/studies/Whistleblo...

From Skepticism to Cynicism: Paradoxes of Administrative Reform

Isabelle Fortier’s paper was presented as part of the IRPP’s research program on Governance. Fortier was asked to examine the notion of cynicism (both outside and within the civil service) and to respond to the following three questions: 1) How do you define cynicism? 2) In what forms does it manifest itself? 3) What are its causes? Fortier argues that cynicism among civil servants, like that in the general public, is caused by ambivalence and paradoxes in the discourse of reform.
http://www.irpp.org/choices/archive/vol9no6.pdf#Fortier

Getting Things Done in the Federation: Do We Need New Rules for an Old Game?

This brief report is part of a series published by the IRPP and the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, called the Council of the Federation Series. The Council of the Federation was created in July 2003 by the provincial premiers and territorial leaders to better manage their relations, and ultimately, build a more constructive relationship with the federal government. This series of brief reports is meant to encourage wider knowledge and discussion of the Council, and to provoke further thought about the general state of intergovernmental relations in Canada.
http://www.irpp.org/miscpubs/archive/federation/brown.pdf

Good Neighbours: An Inventory of Interprovincial Cooperation in Western Canada, 1990-2002

This report, prepared by Lisa Fox and Robert Roach, examines existing examples of interprovincial cooperation in Western Canada; it outlines an account of interprovincial cooperation initiatives since 1990. Fox and Roach argue this report is a valuable resource for government staff, politicians, and citizens interested in the current intergovernmental environment and the quest for greater interprovincial cooperation and its benefits.
http://www.cwf.ca/abcalcwf/doc.nsf/(Publications)/1C07AA5018...

Government Failure in Canada, 1997-2004: A Survey of Reports from the Auditor General

In this report, Clemens, Mullins, Veldhuis, and Glover argue that more public debate is required to address government limitations and failures. They argue that the reports of the Auditor General of Canada provide concrete evidence of the existence of government failure in Canada.
http://www.fraserinstitute.ca/admin/books/files/GovtFailureP...

Government of Mauritius E-Government Master Plan: Human Resources Development and Awareness Considerations

In Government of Mauritius E-Government Master Plan, author David Brown provides recommendations on how the Government of Mauritius can move forward on implementing the e-government element of its Cyber Island Strategy. While the report may seem unorthodox given other Public Policy Forum publications, Brown explains that Mauritius requested the Commonwealth Centre for Electronic Governance assist it with the development of the plan, and the latter contracted the Public Policy Forum to provide information on the human resources elements of the Strategy.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/ow_p_11_...

Governor-in-Council Appointments: Best Practices and Recommendations for Reform

Nancy Averill, Nicole Murphy and Susan Snider begin their article with some background information about Governor-in-Council (GIC) appointments. Much of the federal government’s work is delegated to some 170 agencies, boards, and commissions responsible for a wide range of activities.
http://www.ppforum.com/common/assets/publications/en/gov_apt...

Half Full, At Best: Challenges to the Council of the Federation

Ian Peach begins his report with background information about the Council of the Federation: it was established by Canada’s provincial and territorial premiers on December 5, 2003. Peach points out that it is far too early to determine whether the Council of the Federation will be successful in terms of influencing direction on the public policy challenges facing Canadian governments. Peach undertakes this analysis, however, to determine (from the Founding Agreement) what the advantages and disadvantages of the Council of the Federation might be.
http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/backgrounder_84.pdf

Hell and High Water: An Assessment of Paul Martin's Record and Implications for the Future

Hell and High Water’s introduction and one chapter are available in PDF format; the entire book is available for purchase from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA). Edited by Todd Scarth, the book contains assessments by 10 policy experts who examine major aspects of Paul Martin’s record in key areas including: debt and deficit, taxes, the economy; social, and environmental policies; federal-provincial issues; and international affairs.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/National_Office_P...

How Does BC Rank on Openness and Accountability? The Government’s Approach to the Auditor General and Access to Information

Reynolds outlines two key features that ensure an open and accountable government in British Columbia: the Auditor General and Freedom of Information and Privacy Commissioner.
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/BC_Office_Pubs/bc...

Information Management to Support Evidence-Based Governance in the Electronic Age

As Andrew Lipchak, author of the Public Policy Forum case study Information Management to Support Evidence-Based Governance in the Electronic Age, sees it, technology is changing the nature of governance. As the potential for greater citizen engagement increases thanks to an evolution in government information systems, Lipchak believes it will be necessary to develop effective strategies, tools, and techniques to manage the new relationship. Accordingly, the purpose of this case study is to promote this growing link between citizens and governance while identifying key issues to improve government information management and record-keeping programs.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/ow_p_11_...

Intergovernmental Councils in Federations

This brief report is part of a series published by the IRPP and the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, called the Council of the Federation Series. The Council of the Federation was created in July 2003 by the provincial premiers and territorial leaders to better manage their relations, and ultimately, build a more constructive relationship with the federal government. This series of brief reports is meant to encourage wider knowledge and discussion of the Council, and to provoke further thought about the general state of intergovernmental relations in Canada.
http://www.irpp.org/miscpubs/archive/federation/watts.pdf

Jumping into the Political Fray: Academics and Policy-Making

Daniel Cohn analyzes the role academics can play in forging policy.
http://www.irpp.org/pm/archive/pmvol7no3.pdf

Leadership in the Public Service: Leaders, the Leadership Environment, and Canada's Public Service in the 21st Century

In this report André Côté assesses the values and competencies required of leaders, particularly as they relate to the public service’s senior executive cadre, most importantly, the role of the Deputy Minister.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/leadersh...

Learning Together: Interprovincial Cooperation in Education Policy

Lisa Fox argues that mounting fiscal pressures coupled with a complex public policy environment require Canadian governments to carefully rethink how they pay for, and deliver, public services.
http://www.cwf.ca/abcalcwf/doc.nsf/(Publications)/80247148D6...

Managing for Results IV: Roundtable Summary Report

The central concern of Managing for Results IV, published by the Public Policy Forum, is how to improve the relevance of information in reports provided to Parliamentarians. The publication deals specifically with two Government of Canada reports: Canada’s Performance 2001, a discussion of Canadian quality of life issues as measured by societal indicators, and departmental reports provided by individual ministries to Parliament. To evaluate the effectiveness of these reports the Public Policy Forum engaged Members of Parliament (MPs) in a roundtable discussion; Managing for Results IV is the summary of this discussion.
http://www.ppforum.ca/common/assets/publications/en/ow_p_05_...

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