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Home Policy Articles: Regional & Sectoral: Page 9

Canada is a large and diverse country made up of many unique political, social, and economic sub-units. How do different regions of the country differ from one another? What unique trends are present in different sectors of the Canadian economy?

This section of examines issues pertaining to the various regions that make up Canada, as well as different sectors of the Canadian economy.



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Unaccountable: The Case of Highway Maintenance Privatization in Alberta

In 1995-96, the Government of Alberta decided to outsource all the maintenance on its 15,000 kilometres of primary highways to primary contractors. Since then, neither the provincial government nor any other body has evaluated the current private maintenance program by comparing it with the previous government-run system.

Uncommon Sense: Promising Practices in Urban Aboriginal Policy-Making and Programming

Calvin Hanselmann’s paper Uncommon Sense: Promising Practices in Urban Aboriginal Policy-Making and Programming, published by the Canada West Foundation, examines “good ideas” on Aboriginal policy-making. Hanselmann stresses that he is not exploring best practices, because of the sense of absolutism attached to the phrase, but rather promising Aboriginal policy practices across Western Canada.

Under Construction: Western Canada and the Global Economy

This is the final report of the Canada West Foundation’s Building the New West Project, a multi-year research, consultation, and communications effort focused on the strategic positioning of Western Canada within the global economy. Five key priorities provided a framework for the Building the New West Project: creating the tools to attract, retain and build human capital; continuing economic diversification; strengthening transportation infrastructure; promoting global competitiveness in major cities; and, developing new ways of facilitating regional coordination.

Urban Education: Exploring the Relationship Between School Boards and Municipalities

In Urban Education: Exploring the Relationship Between School Boards and Municipalities, Evan Jones, of the Canada West Foundation, examines the history of cooperation between school boards and municipal governments.

Value for Money? Cautionary Lessons about P3s from British Columbia

This paper examines the rise of public-private partnerships (P3s) in British Columbia, whereby a private group overtakes the development and operation of a public project (examples include hospitals and bridges).

Welfare in Saskatchewan: A Critical Evaluation

This article by Jason Clemons and Chris Shafer analyzes the provision of welfare in Saskatchewan, notably through comparisons with Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, and the US. Working with the basic assumption that the goal of welfare is to temporarily support those who are unable to work and facilitate their reintegration into the workforce, the authors find that Saskatchewan's welfare program has been relatively unsuccessful in its attempt to lower dependency on welfare and thus curb social spending costs. Accordingly, Clemons and Shafer argue that Saskatchewan should “end the entitlement to welfare” and implement immediate work requirements to welfare recipients in order to reverse its current spending trend.

Welfare Reform in British Columbia: A Report Card

This article by Jason Clemons and Chris Shafer offer an in-depth comparison of the welfare reform initiative in British Columbia vis-à-vis successful reforms already in place in a federal American context. Their eight evaluation areas (ending the entitlement to welfare, diversion, immediate work requirements and sanctions, employment-focused back-to-work programs, "making work pay," administrative privatization, program delivery privatization, and non-profit sector reform) assign the current level of reform in British Columbia a “B” grade, while concluding it is “too early to claim to success but well on its way.”

Western Canada's Natural Capital: Toward a New Public Policy Framework

Worbets and Berdahl argue that Western Canada possesses natural resources that greatly enhance the West’s quality of life, and thereby its position in the attraction and retention of increasingly mobile human capital.

Western Directions: An Analysis of the Looking West 2004 Survey

In the years ahead, the four Western provinces face a variety of policy challenges and opportunities. Loleen Berdahl suggests that a wide variety of policy issues, from health care and education to the environment and the economy, compete for political attention and funding dollars.

What Will Keep the Lights on in Ontario: Responses to a Policy Short-Circuit

In this report Trebilcock and Hrab investigate the restructuring of Ontario’s electricity industry. They point out that, initially, the Ontario government assured consumers that restructuring would lead to a reduction in Ontario Hydro’s swollen debt, and that the entry of private sector companies would create competition which would result in stable, and perhaps lower, electricity prices. This failed to happen.

What's A Degree Worth?: Who Pays and Who Benefits at Atlantic Canada's Universities?

Published by the Atlantic Institute for Market Studies, John Philippe’s report What’s A Degree Worth?: Who Pays and Who Benefits at Atlantic Canada’s Universities? argues for market-based reforms to Atlantic Canada’s post-secondary education system. Philippe believes it is important to ask what value taxpayers receive from growing post-secondary commitments by governments in the region. His conclusion is that they do not receive sufficient benefits for the dollars they invest.

Wood Waste and Log Exports on the BC Coast

Ben Parfitt argues that the British Columbia forest industry has problems. He examines two troubling trends plaguing the industry: rising log exports and wood waste.

Workforce Profile of the Natural Resources Sector

This Workplace Profile provides and overview of workforce demographics and considers what solutions may be found to deal with human resource retention, skills development and recruitment.

You CAN Get There From Here: How Ottawa Can Put Atlantic Canada on the Road to Prosperity

This report, by Brian Lee Crowley and Don McIver, was written prior to the June 2004 federal election. Crowley and McIver analyze each political party’s position regarding Atlantic Canada policies in depth, with particular emphasis on how each policy aims to bring Atlantic Canada back into the nation’s economic forefront.

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